Notice

I am working on the template of this blog today in order to chase down some problems that have developed with my template and widgets.

Macon County Commissioners

Coverage of the meetings of the Macon County Board of County Commissioners.

Franklin Town Board of Aldermen

Coverage of the meetings of the Franklin Town Board of Aldermen.

Macon County School Board

Coverage of the meetings of the Macon County School Board.

Photoblog

Photos from my photoblog.

Nothing is here yet

I haven't decided what to put here yet, so look at this pretty photo.

Monday, November 30, 2009

Video of 2009 Christmas Parade in Franklin, NC



This is the full parade that was held yesterday in Franklin, NC.

2009 Franklin Christmas Parade Slideshow:
Staging Area



The staging area for the Christmas Parade was bustling with activity Sunday afternoon as parade participants scurried about, preparing their floats and getting into costume. I was there, and took some photos of the goings on and have posted them in a slide show below for you to enjoy...

Sunday, November 29, 2009

The Christmas Season begins in Franklin, NC



This past Friday evening, I attended the Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony and Candlelight Service in downtown Franklin that marked the beginning of the Christmas Season in my hometown.

Today the Christmas Parade starts at 3 pm and I am looking forward to attending it and getting some photos and video of it.

Here are two videos I took of Friday's activities:


Part One



Part Two



Singing Carols during Candlelight Service



Closeup of nativity Scene in front of Courthouse


More photos can be found on WNC Citizens Blog.

Friday, November 27, 2009

New Template
Now Live!

**update** New template is online. It is an adaptation of the MobiPress Template. There are still some minor tweaks to do, but I am happy with it so far...except that I can't get it to display the publish time of posts.

I've also reverted back to the old post editor to fix several formatting problems I encountered using the new one, which is still a bot buggy. --TP

I am about to change my template to a new one, and I have had to abandon my old one because I have been getting Malware warnings from Google Chrome. This is just a temporary fix while I tweak the new template.

Thank you for your patience while I deal with this problem...

Thursday, November 26, 2009

Christmas Events for 2009 in Franklin, NC

franklin nc christmas parade wnc citizens blog Pictures, Images and Photos
 I'll be taking the day off from blogging, except for this piece.






Friday, Nov 27


Tomorrow night at 7pm, the Christmas Season gets kicked off with the Tree Lighting Ceremony at the Clock Tower. There will be free cider, cookies and music at the Gazebo. A community sing-a-long will also take place. A candlelight service next to the Macon County Courthouse will also take place, candles will be provided.




Saturday, Nov 28


In downtown Franklin from 10 am to noon, the children can enjoy Cookies with Santa, deliver their letter to him or deposit it in his special mailbox in front of Townhall, or bend his ear in person.








4th Annual Mistletoe Magic Art and Craft Show, Nov. 27 & 28 beginning at 10am at the Macon County Community Bldg. on 441 S. in Franklin, NC. This very festive show features 70 of the finest juried Artisans available! You will be greeted by Mr. and Mrs. Santa Claus and their elves, so bring your camera and your children for a picture! The building will be beautifully decorated and the atmosphere alive with the sounds of carolers and strolling musicians. 70 Free handcrafted door prizes will be given away and Main Street Pizzeria will be offering a full menu.






Sunday Nov 29


The annual Franklin Christmas Parade will take place Sunday beginning at 3 pm. The route will be same as usual, starting at the East Franklin Shopping Center, turning left onto Main Street, continuing up Town Hill to parade down the center of town, then turning left onto Porter Street and continuing to Franklin High School where it will disband. 


The theme for this year's parade is "Christmas in the Mountains". I've included a behind the scenes video I took of last year's parade...
















      Window Wonderland Dec 4th and 11th


The first two Fridays following Thanksgiving, Franklin, North Carolina will again be transformed into an old-fashioned holiday atmosphere during Window Wonderland. On December 4th and December 11th from 5-8pm Window Wonderland will take Franklin back in time as "windows come alive" with living scenes from Franklin’s past.


Franklin businesses will be open to warmly greet visitors with hot chocolate, hot cider, cookies, or other refreshments reminiscent of the season. Strolling carolers will entertain shoppers with seasonal music and contribute to the holiday atmosphere as well as other entertainment throughout town.


Luminaries will line Main Street, creating the soft glow which makes the evening so magical. There will be vintage horse-drawn carriage rides and children of all ages can meet Santa Claus at the Macon County Historical Museum on Main Street.








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Wednesday, November 25, 2009

Rainbow People and Other Lost Souls Attracted to the "Asheville Vortex"








These videos were made by a group involved in witnessing to the spiritually lost in the Asheville Occult Scene.




Asheville, NC is infamous among the natives of this area for attracting the weirdest kind of people. Rainbows, Hippies, Pagans, Progressives and Ron Paul Supporters...Asheville has more than enough weirdness to do a normal person a lifetime. The lefties and lefty libertarians celebrate it.


You can read more about it from one of the charlatans of the New Age Movement at New Frontier, where they go more into detail about the "Vortex" that is supposed to be centered near Asheville.

Introducing Ed Krause, Congressional Candidate
NC-11 Republican Primary










Here are his goals if elected to Congress according to a handout he gave me:


1. Revive our economy by reducing taxes so that individuals and corporations can have more capital to spend and invest to increase jobs. Throwing stimulus money around to people such as ACORN will not accomplish anything.The national debt must be dealt with by controlling Federal spending. My top priority would be to recruit industry for this area. We are blessed to have a good labor force, beautiful surroundings and a pleasant climate.


2. Strive for energy independence from foreign sources. Off shore drilling, nuclear energy, and conservation efforts must be expanded. Rail service is the most energy efficient means of transportation and needs to be promoted to reduce traffic on our highways. Folks, sooner or later the gas tank will be empty.


3. Strengthen and support our military and intelligence organizations so that the Country will be safe from terrorism and foreign aggression. Secure borders are essential for national security. Nonetheless, America should be the shining city on a hill to the rest of the world as Ronald Reagan said.


4. Increase competition among doctors, hospitals and insurance companies so that health care costs can be reduced. Legislation should be passed to allow people to purchase insurance from out of state sources. I am not in favor of further governmental control of health care.


I'll be sure to let you know if he establishes a website for the campaign.


I'll be providing a live webcast of a candidate forum for candidates in the Republican Primary on the afternoon of December 5th. Check back by to watch it.

Monday, November 23, 2009

Black Friday & Cyber Monday Digital Camera Deals






I dropped my camera while covering the annual Pumpkinfest in Franklin last month, and I've been waiting for just the right deal to come along...hoping that either Black Friday or Cyber Monday would serve some low hanging fruit that would fit my wallet. 


I've been watching the Interwebs for signs that my targeted model, the Kodak Z1015 IS, would see a cut in price. So far, nothing, nada, zilch, or as my poor Canadian friends would say, Zed. 


Photography Bay has an excellent run down on the deals, and where to look for them. I swiped the title for this piece from them. 


Here are some other websites claiming to have the scoop on Black Friday Specials...


Black Friday.info


Black Friday 2009 


Black-Friday.


Black Friday.com




A word of warning...many of these websites wants you to provide an email address. Don't give them a real one. Take a few minutes to set up a fake one at Hotmail, Yahoo or Gmail. That way, you'll avoid spam in the future. 


And, if you are going to be one of those people getting up before dawn to hit the race for deals...be careful and don't get hurt. After all, it's only merchandise and not worth getting hurt for...






.

Manhattan Declaration: A Call of Christian Conscience








A formidable coalition of 150 Catholic, Orthodox and evangelical leaders are calling on Christians in a new manifesto to reject secular authority – and even engage in civil disobedience – if laws force them to accept abortion, same-sex marriage and other ideas that betray their religious beliefs.

On Friday, these leaders released a 4,700-word document – called the "The Manhattan Declaration: A Call of Christian Conscience."

The document was signed by leaders ranging from evangelical leader Chuck Colson to two of the leading Catholic prelates in the U.S., Archbishop Donald Wuerl of Washington, D.C. and Archbishop Timothy Dolan of New York, and calls on Christians to engage in civil disobedience to defend their doctrines.



Source: NewsMax


Read the full document.


Commentary


I've already decided not to purchase health insurance for myself if the Health Reform Bill passes into law. I will see if the government will force to go to prison. Hopefully, millions of others will feel the same.


Egads, I'm starting to sound like a hippie!!!


Or, since Illegal Aliens will not be penalized...is there a way to become an Illegal Alien? I'm starting to see some benefits.

In Which I Swear To Carry A Camera With Me At All Times From Now On




Sunday, November 22, 2009

The John Batchelor Show for 11-22-2009
Audio From 11-21-2009 Show







It's Sunday night, and that means it's time for John Batchelor!





Here is his website.


The show starts at 9pm Eastern, and continues for four hours of the best radio you will find anywhere, as only John Batchelor can deliver it with his stable of experts...


Here is last night's show, and he starts it off with a bang by discussing the Obama Administration's decision in trying 9/11 Mastermind in Manhattan. You won't get this kind of analysis any where else...








Hour One










Hour Two










Hour Three









Hour Four


And here is where you can listen to the show live online:

New York, WABC-AM 770 9PM to 1AM ET;



And here is where you can find the podcasts of the show: John Batchelor on Demand.

Schedule for Tonight: (scroll down for Sunday Schedule)









Sunday November 22   
Sunday 905P Eastern Time:Marc Morano, Climate Depot, re Cap and Trade abandoned, re Copenhagen dicthed. 
Sunday 920P Eastern Time: Aaron Klein, WND, re Barghouti speaks from prison, re Jerusalem expands the settlements, re Palestinian building in Gilo.
Sunday 935P Eastern Time:  Roundtable Mona Charen, NRO, re healthcare strategy in the Senate, re POTUS in China, re Sarah Palin on the loose.
Sunday 950P Eastern Time: Continued re the healthcare vote in the Senate.
Sunday 1005P: (705P Pacific Time): Michael Wallenstein, WSJ, re Sarah Palin book tour: is it a political sortie?
Sunday 1020P: (720P Pacific Time): Charlie Gasparino, author, "Sellout: How Three Decades of Wall Street Greed and Government Mismanagement Destroyed the Global Financial System."  Re the Bank of American nobody wants.
Sunday 1035P: (735P Pacific Time): Jodi Schneider, Simon Constable, DowJones, Kelsey Hubbard, WSJ, re gold on a bull run, re Tim Geithner fights back, re Goldman revolt? 
Sunday 1050P: (750P Pacific Time): continued re the healthcare bill costs.
Sunday 1105P: (805P Pacific Time):  Gordon Chang, Forbes.com, James Taranto, WSJ, Tunku Varadarajan, DailyBeast, re POTUS in Asia, the results, re POTUS and the India problem.
Sunday 1120P: (820P Pacific Time): Continued re Afghanistan the exit plan. 
Sunday 1135P: (835P Pacific Time): Malcolm Hoenlein, Conference of Presidents Major American Jewish Organizations, re the Iran negotiation, re Tehran breaks off, re what sanctions?
Sunday 1150P: (850P Pacific Time):  Bob Zimmerman, author re the sunspot watch, re Enceladus, re the ISS mission.
Sunday 1205P: (905 Pacific Time): Shobhana Chandra, Bloomberg, re US housing starts plunge, US mortgage market darkens.
Sunday 1220P: (920 Pacific Time): Mary Kissel, Asia Wall Street Journal, re measuring POTUS trip to Asia.
Sunday 1235P: (935P Pacific Time): Robert Lacey's "Inside the Kingdom: Kings, Clerics, Modernists, Terrorists, and the Struggle for Saudi Arabia."
Sunday 1250P:  (950P Pacific Time): Exeunt.

Saturday, November 21, 2009

Watch the US Senate Debate Health Care Bill Live




The US Senate will debate on cloture of the Health Care Bill today for ten hours today.



For those of you who cannot watch on TV live, but have a broadband Internet connection, you can watch it here today:


**Debate on Cloture is over, and I've removed the video player.


The Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed to H.R. 3590 has passed 60-39 (Sen Voinovich (R-OH) did not vote. You can read the bill on Open Congress. The Democrats have posted a Bill Summary online. The Republicans haven't gotten around to it yet...if they ever do.






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Franklin Comes to Franklin
Ben Franklin Speaks About the US Constitution








This is a 10 video play list of an appearance by John Armor portraying Ben Franklin.


Franklin comes to Franklin in "Ben Franklin Talks About the Constitution" was held at the Macon County Community Facilities Building, Hwy. 441 south, Franklin.


John Armor starred as "Ben." Armor is a graduate of Yale and Maryland Law School, post-graduate work at the American University, has published seven books, and practiced law in the U.S. Supreme Court for 33 years.

Thursday, November 19, 2009

Franklin comes to Franklin;
"Ben Franklin Talks About the Constitution"
Tonight at 6:30







Franklin comes to Franklin in "Ben Franklin Talks About the Constitution" at 6:30 p.m. at the Macon County Community Facilities Building, Hwy. 441 south, Franklin. John Armor stars as "Ben." Armor is a graduate of Yale and Maryland Law School, post-graduate work at the American University, has published seven books, and practiced law in the U.S. Supreme Court for 33 years. This event is free and the public is invited to attend.


Google Map of location.


Previous Posts about John Armor.


John Armor also has an audio CD that is called America's Owners Manual.


One of my videos of John Amror as Ben Franklin is also embedded on the website.

TweetPhoto Goes After Blogger For Posting Audio of Interview


Seas ar Shaoráil


TweetPhoto (now former) CEO Dan Caulfield did a 23 minute podcast interview with Frank Peters earlier this month. He apparently said too much in the interview, disclosing confidential information about partnerships. He was fired by the company for the transgression.


That’s enough drama to make me want to listen to the podcast. But it gets better. The company also had its lawyers fire off a letter from its law firm to Frank Peters, demanding that he remove the podcast.


Just to be clear, a company is threatening legal action against a blogger for posting an on the record sound recording of the company’s CEO.


“The interview posted on your website contains numerous factual inaccuracies and disparaging statements from Mr. Caulfield that TweetPhoto is concerned were made in an effort to harm the economic prospects of TweetPhoto and may constitute a violation of the laws prohibiting unfair competition, defamation, as well as tortious interference with contractual relations and prospective economic advantage,” the letter says.


Source: TechCrunch
Also: Copy of Legal Threats Against Blogger






Commentary


The audio is still available. I have downloaded it and have posted it just in case the attorneys succeed in getting the blogger to take it down. This is a case where bloggers must take a line from Spartacus and stand up.


We must teach these tyrants that they will not be allowed to threaten bloggers and run roughshod over them. I don't care if the blogger in question is a Lefty or a Conservative, I believe that we should all stand with them.


The action of the company in this matter makes me NOT want to use their service. In fact, it has encouraged me to discourage others from using it.  I use TwitPic, and have an account at yFrog for backup purposes.


On second thought, I'll go ahead and post the audio for you so you can judge for yourself if you think TweetPhoto has acted inappropriately...










Download a copy for yourself.



**12.12pm** I've listened to the entire interview, and don't see what the fuss is about. I do know that by kicking up a fuss...TweetPhoto has GUARANTEED that many more will listen to the interview than would have in the first place. 


I know I never would have...


.


If anyone should be fired, it should be the people who started the witch hunt.

Read the Senate Version of the Health Care Bill,
Called the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act"




The bill is 2,074 pages long, and just the Table of Contents consistes of 14 pages.




There is a link at the top of the embedded document for you to download the bill and read for yourself...


Senate Health-Care Bill

Monday, November 16, 2009

Watch Atlantis Launch on STS-129 Mission Live;
Updated with Video From Liftoff


STS-129 Crew Portrait













Live Feed provided by SpaceVidCast. I'll replace the video player with a recording as soon as it becomes available.

Watch other views of the launch that have been recorded by other people by scrolling down the page.



Commander Charles O. Hobaugh, Pilot Barry E. Wilmore, Mission Specialists Mike Foreman, Robert L. Satcher Jr., Randy Bresnik and Leland Melvin are secured in their seats aboard shuttle Atlantis. Radio checks are continuing for the crew while the countdown clicks down on schedule for a liftoff at 2:28 p.m. EST.

The launch pad Closeout Crew will close the hatch, pressurize the crew cabin, check for leaks, and then finish up remaining work inside the pad's environmentally controlled White Room before leaving the area.

Shuttle Weather Officer Kathy Winters reported to Launch Director Mike Leinbach that the launch forecast is "green," which means there are no weather constraints for liftoff this afternoon.



From Wikipedia:



STS-129 (ISS assembly flight ULF3)[3] is a scheduled mission to the International Space Station(ISS) to be flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. The launch date for the mission is targeted for November 16, 2009.[4][5]
STS-129 will focus on staging spare components outside the station. The 11-day flight is scheduled to include at least three spacewalks. The payload bay will carry two large ExPRESSLogistics Carriers holding two spare gyroscopes, two nitrogen tank assemblies, two pump modules, an ammonia tank assembly, a spare latching end effector for the station's robotic arm, a spare trailing umbilical system for the Mobile Transporter, and a high-pressure gas tank. This will be the first flight of an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier. The completion of this mission will leave five space shuttle flights remaining until the end of the program.[6]
NASA is holding its first-ever live Shuttle launch tweetup with 100 members of the general public atKennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.[7]





This is recorded from the Life Sciences Laboratory.



This was the view from the Banana Creek VIP viewing area.


Shot from the Titusville, FL Bridge. Sound is crappy, but...hey it's the shuttle seen from closer than I'll probably ever get to a launch!!!


This one also has sound issues and is the view from CCAFS (Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on the beach.





.

Franklin comes to Franklin;
"Ben Franklin Talks About the Constitution"
Thursday Night at 6:30







Franklin comes to Franklin in "Ben Franklin Talks About the Constitution" at 6:30 p.m. at the Macon County Community Facilities Building, Hwy. 441 south, Franklin. John Armor stars as "Ben." Armor is a graduate of Yale and Maryland Law School, post-graduate work at the American University, has published seven books, and practiced law in the U.S. Supreme Court for 33 years. This event is free and the public is invited to attend.


Google Map of location.


Previous Posts about John Armor.


John Armor also has an audio CD that is called America's Owners Manual.


One of my videos of John Amror as Ben Franklin is also embedded on the website.

Sunday, November 15, 2009

The John Batchelor Show for 11-15-2009;
Audio of the 11-14-2009 Show







It's Sunday night, and that means it's time for John Batchelor!





Here is his website.


The show starts at 9pm Eastern, and continues for four hours of the best radio you will find anywhere, as only John Batchelor can deliver it with his stable of experts...


Here is last night's show, and he starts it off with a bang by discussing the Obama Administration's decision in trying 9/11 Mastermind in Manhattan. You won't get this kind of analysis any where else...





Hour One





Hour Two





Hour Three





Hour Four


And here is where you can listen to the show live online:

New York, WABC-AM 770 9PM to 1AM ET;



And here is where you can find the podcasts of the show: John Batchelor on Demand.

Schedule for Tonight: (scroll down for Sunday Schedule)







Sunday November 15   
Sunday 905P Eastern Time: Jeffrey BErman, WSJ, re New York State need the banker bonuses.
Sunday 920P Eastern Time: Aaron Klein, WND, re Netanyahu visits POTUS in private at the White House, re the Iranian arms shipment.
Sunday 935P Eastern Time:  Roundtable,  Jodi Schneider, Mona Charen, NRO, re healthcare strategy in the House and Senate, re the election, the joblessness.

Sunday 950P Eastern Time: Continued re the healthcare reform vote.
Sunday 1005P: (705P Pacific Time): Ruth Simon, WSJ, re the foreclosure plan and the threat of more delinquency and failure, re the slow response rate of troubled home owners.
Sunday 1020P: (720P Pacific Time): Charlie Gasparino, author, "Sellout: How Three Decades of Wall Street Greed and Government Mismanagement Destroyed the Global Financial System."  Re what happened to Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae in the summer of 2008?

Sunday 1035P: (735P Pacific Time): Jim McTague, Barron's, Simon Constable, DowJones, John Tamny, re POTUS in Asia, and the balance of trade, re the dollar in freefall.
Sunday 1050P: (750P Pacific Time): continued re Jobs Summit II at the White House.
Sunday 1105P: (805P Pacific Time):  Larry Johnson, No Quarter, James Taranto, WSJ, Jeff Bliss, BlissIndex.com, re KS M in Manhattan, re Greg Craig quits.
Sunday 1120P: (820P Pacific Time): Continued re Afghanistan twists in the wind.
Sunday 1135P: (835P Pacific Time): Malcolm Hoenlein, Conference of Presidents Major American Jewish Organizations, re the Goldstone Watch, re Netanyahu visits POTUS, re Syria appeals to France.
Sunday 1150P: (850P Pacific Time):  Bob Zimmerman, author re LCROSS finds water on the moon, re what water on the moon means for Monn Base 1 and the Obama administration decision, re Sunspot watch.
Sunday 1205P: (905 Pacific Time): Christine Harper, Bloomberg, re break-up Goldman or the Yankees?

Sunday 1220P: (920 Pacific Time): Mary Kissel, Asia Wall Street Journal, re POTUS in Japan, JPOTUS at Singapore, POTUS at Shanghai.
Sunday 1235P: (935P Pacific Time): Howard Cutler and His Holiness The Dalai Lama, author, "The Art of Happiness in a Troubled World."
Sunday 1250P:  (950P Pacific Time): Exeunt.

Rachel Maddow Doesn't Know The U.S. Constitution Has A Preamble










Progressives are funny when they pretend they know something about our Founding Documents.

The segment was pre-recorded...so evidently her crew and the people at MSNBC are just as stupid as she is about the US Constitution...

Read more about this incident at The BlogProf.

And here is a copy of the US Constitution for our ignorant progressive friends:



[Constitution for the United States of America]


Preamble


We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Article. I.


Section. 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
Section. 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons [Modified by Amendment XIV]. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
Section. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof [Modified by Amendment XVII], for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies [Modified by Amendment XVII].
No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
Section. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December [Modified by Amendment XX], unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
Section. 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.
Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.
Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
Section. 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.
No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.
Section. 7. All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.
Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States;[2]If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.
Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
Section. 8. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence andgeneral Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;
To establish Post Offices and post Roads;
To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;
To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
To provide and maintain a Navy;
To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; — And
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
Section. 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.
Section. 10. No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.
No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws; and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States;and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.


Article. II.


Section. 1. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President [Modified by Amendment XII].
The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.
No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected [Modified by Amendment XXV].
The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.
Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: — "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
Section. 2. The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
Section. 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
Section. 4. The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.


Article. III.


Section. 1. The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Section. 2. The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority; — to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; — to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction; — to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party; — to Controversies between two or more States; — between a State and Citizens of another State [Modified by Amendment XI]; — between Citizens of different States; — between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
Section. 3. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.


Article. IV.


Section. 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
Section. 2. The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.
A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due [Modified by Amendment XIII].
Section. 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.
Section. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.


Article. V.


The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate [Possibly abrogated by Amendment XVII].


Article. VI.


All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.


Article. VII.


The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.
The Word, "the," being interlined between the seventh and eighth Lines of the first Page, The Word "Thirty" being partly written on an Erazure in the fifteenth Line of the first Page, The Words "is tried" being interlined between the thirty second and thirty third Lines of the first Page and the Word "the" being interlined between the forty third and forty fourth Lines of the second Page.
Attest William Jackson
Secretary
done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,
Go. WASHINGTON — Presidt.
and deputy from Virginia
New Hampshire {
JOHN LANGDON NICHOLAS GILMAN
Massachusetts {
NATHANIEL GORHAM RUFUS KING
Connecticut {
WM. SAML. JOHNSON ROGER SHERMAN
New York . . . .
ALEXANDER HAMILTON
New Jersey {
WIL: LIVINGSTON DAVID BREARLEY. WM. PATERSON. JONA: DAYTON
Pennsylvania {
B FRANKLIN THOMAS MIFFLIN ROBT MORRIS GEO. CLYMER THOS. FITZ SIMONS JARED INGERSOLL JAMES WILSON GOUV MORRIS
Delaware {
GEO: READ GUNNING BEDFORD jun JOHN DICKINSON RICHARD BASSETT JACO: BROOM
Maryland {
JAMES MCHENRY DAN OF ST THOS. JENIFER DANL CARROLL
Virginia {
JOHN BLAIR JAMES MADISON jr
North Carolina {
WM. BLOUNT RICHD. DOBBS SPAIGHT HU WILLIAMSON
South Carolina {
J. RUTLEDGE CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY CHARLES PINCKNEY PIERCE BUTLER
Georgia {
WILLIAM FEW ABR BALDWIN

In Convention Monday, September 17th, 1787.
Present
The States of
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, MR. Hamilton from New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
Resolved,
That the preceeding Constitution be laid before the United States in Congress assembled, and that it is the Opinion of this Convention, that it should afterwards be submitted to a Convention of Delegates, chosen in each State by the People thereof, under the Recommendation of its Legislature, for their Assent and Ratification; and that each Convention assenting to, and ratifying the Same, should give Notice thereof to the United States in Congress assembled. Resolved, That it is the Opinion of this Convention, that as soon as the Conventions of nine States shall have ratified this Constitution, the United States in Congress assembled should fix a Day on which Electors should be appointed by the States which have ratified the same, and a Day on which the Electors should assemble to vote for the President, and the Time and Place for commencing Proceedings under this Constitution. That after such Publication the Electors should be appointed, and the Senators and Representatives elected: That the Electors should meet on the Day fixed for the Election of the President, and should transmit their Votes certified, signed, sealed and directed, as the Constitution requires, to the Secretary of the United States in Congress assembled, that the Senators and Representatives should convene at the Time and Place assigned; that the Senators should appoint a President of the Senate, for the sole purpose of receiving, opening and counting the Votes for President; and, that after he shall be chosen, the Congress, together with the President, should, without Delay, proceed to execute this Constitution.
By the Unanimous Order of the Convention
Go. WASHINGTON — Presidt.
W. JACKSON Secretary.