Wednesday July 10, 1861
After concentrating three brigades at Buckhannon and one at Philippi, western Virginia, [now in West Virginia] Major General George McClellan was ready to move against Brigadier General Robert S Garnett's four regiments and cavalry Brigadier General William Starke Rosecrans, under McClellan, pressed forward with a skirmish at Rick Mountain July 10.
At the same time, Brigadier General T.A. Morris moved with a portion of the federals from Philippi toward Laurel Hill.
Meanwhile, Fort Breckinridge, in the New Mexico Territory, was abandoned by Federals.
The Confederate government concluded a treaty with the Creek Indians, first of nine treaties arranged by agent Albert Pike. President Lincoln wrote Simon B. Buckner, inspector general of the Kentucky state guard, that he did not at present intend to send an armed force into neutral Kentucky. Buckner later was to join the Confederacy.
The imperial Russian government instructed its ministry in Washington on its policy of neutrality.