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I am working on the template of this blog today in order to chase down some problems that have developed with my template and widgets.

Macon County Commissioners

Coverage of the meetings of the Macon County Board of County Commissioners.

Franklin Town Board of Aldermen

Coverage of the meetings of the Franklin Town Board of Aldermen.

Macon County School Board

Coverage of the meetings of the Macon County School Board.

Photoblog

Photos from my photoblog.

Monday, July 4, 2022

2022 Independence Day Parade in Franklin, NC



The annual Independence Day Parade took place at 11am this morning on Main Street in Franklin, Noerth Carolina. Here is a video and some photos taken by Macon Media at the event.

DAY SPONSOR

Young Tree Service is sponsoring Macon Media for today.

They provide complete tree care, are licensed and insured. Specializing in low ground impact. Danger tree removal. Crane Service, Pruning, Views, 24 hr emergency service. Call 828-421-0967 or visit Young Tree Service for more information.

2022 Independence Day Parade - Franklin, NC | Macon Media



Photos [Flickr Album]

2022 Independence Day Parade


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Published at 1:00pam on Monday, July 04, 2022
Author: Bobby Coggins


News and Weather Briefing for Independence Day, 2022






FIREWORKS OVER FRANKLIN
PRESENTED BY THE TOWN OF FRANKLIN, NC

Monday, July 4th, 9:30 p.m. | Highlands Road | Rain Date: Tuesday, July 5th, 9:30 p.m.
Join the Town of Franklin for "Fireworks Over Franklin", Monday, July 4th beginning at 9:30 p.m.* The show will be launched from 15 First Street which is just off Highlands Road across from the Shops at Riverwalk, formerly the East Franklin Shopping Center. This is a park and watch event.

The fireworks display will feature all aerial shells, hundreds of them soaring into the skies over Franklin. The show will conclude with aspectacular grand finale.

Again this year we are pleased to be working with Hale Artificier, Inc. of Lexington, North Carolina which has designed an all-new show for 2022!

* weather permitting / rain date same time and location on July 5th

Here is an index to assist you in moving from section to section within the article.

Back to Top
Weather
Hazards and Tropical Weather
Almanac
Macon Calendar
Local and StateNews
Russo-UKrainian War Updates
National News Roundup
COVID-19 News and Updates
Science and Technology
Russo-Ukrainian War Videos (mostly long form)
On This Day
Support Macon Media


GENERAL OUTLOOK

Warm and humid high pressure will dominate the pattern through the work week, with seasonable afternoon rain chances through Thursday. A stronger cold front approaches from the northwest by late week, and leads to a potentially-rainy weekend forecast.



---BEGIN SPONSOR SEGMENT---



Weather Sponsor



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing & public safety updates for the month.

Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC. Visit our Facebook page at: https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC

All your masonry needs are available. Our phone number is 828.524.8545, the public is welcome, we’ll help you with your next project.



DAY SPONSOR

Young Tree Service is sponsoring Macon Media for today.

They provide complete tree care, are licensed and insured. Specializing in low ground impact. Danger tree removal. Crane Service, Pruning, Views, 24 hr emergency service. Call 828-421-0967 or visit Young Tree Service for more information.

---END SPONSOR SEGMENT------




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Local Weather

General Forecast Through Wednesday Night





Franklin Area

Today

Independence Day

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 3pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 4pm. Widespread dense fog, mainly before 9am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with highs in the mid 80s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the southeast around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tonight

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 2am, then a slight chance of showers. Patchy fog after 4am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with lows in the mid 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 30%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A slight chance of showers, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after 9am. Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with highs in the mid 80s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 50%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am, then a slight chance of showers after 4am. Partly cloudy, with lows in the upper 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 30%.

Wednesday

A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 10am. Partly sunny, with highs in the upper 80s. Chance of rain is 40%.

Wednesday Night

Mostly cloudy, with lows in the upper 60s.


Highlands Plateau

Independence Day

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 3pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 4pm. Patchy fog before 9am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with highs in the mid-to-upper 70s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the southeast around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms likely before 4am, then a slight chance of showers. Patchy fog after 1am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with lows in the mid 60s. Winds out of the southeast 3 to 5 mph. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A slight chance of showers, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after 9am. Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with highs near 80. Light and variable winds. Chance of rain is 50%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tuesday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am, then a slight chance of showers after 4am. Partly cloudy, with lows in the mid 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 30%.

Wednesday

A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 10am. Mostly sunny, with highs near 80. Chance of rain is 40%.

Wednesday Night

Mostly cloudy, with lows in the mid 60s.


Otto and South Central Macon County

Independence Day

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 3pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 4pm. Widespread dense fog, mainly before 9am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with highs in the mid 80s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the southeast around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tonight

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 3am, then a slight chance of showers. Patchy fog after 3am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with lows in the upper 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 30%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A slight chance of showers, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after 9am. Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with highs in the mid 80s. Light and variable winds. Chance of rain is 50%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A slight chance of showers and thunderstorms before midnight, then a slight chance of showers after 4am. Partly cloudy, with lows in the upper 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 20%.

Wednesday

A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 10am. Mostly sunny, with highs near 90. Chance of rain is 40%.

Wednesday Night

Mostly cloudy, with lows in the upper 60s.


Nantahala Area

Independence Day A chan

ce of showers and thunderstorms before 4pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 5pm. Areas of fog before 9am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with highs in the lower 80s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tonight

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am, then a slight chance of showers. Patchy fog after 3am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with lows in the upper 60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 30%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A 50 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms, mainly after 9am. Patchy fog before 7am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with highs in the mid 80s. Calm winds. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night

A slight chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am, then a slight chance of showers after 3am. Partly cloudy, with lows around 70. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 20%.

Wednesday

A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 10am. Partly sunny, with highs in the mid 80s. Chance of rain is 40%.

Wednesday Night

Mostly cloudy, with lows around 70.







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Hazards and Tropical Weather

Numerous to widespread thunderstorms will develop today, mainly during the afternoon and evening hours, accompanied by dangerous cloud-to-ground lightning, gusty winds, and heavy rainfall. One or two of the thunderstorms could produce damaging wind gusts and quarter-sized hail. Isolated flooding will possible with slowly- moving thunderstorms.





TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK




Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Mon Jul 4 2022

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

Tropical cyclone formation is not expected during the next 5 days.



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Almanac

24 Hour Smoke Forecast

No smoke fields will be crossing Macon County today, no map was produced.












Air quality is in theupper range of green for most of the county, with the ridges and other higher elevations today being in the upper range of green.

Fire and Smoke Map




Local Air Monitor



Pollen

Pollen levels are expected to be in the low range 1.4 out of 12) today with Grasses, Plantain, and Dock being the main culprits. Tomorrow is expected to be in the low-medium range (2.0 out of 12).



Record Weather Events for July 4th

Record weather events for this date in Macon County
(1872-2016)

Highest Temperature 96°F in Franklin in 1948
Lowest Temperature 46°F in Highlands in 1996
Greatest Rainfall 4.46 inches in Highlands in 2013
Greatest Snowfall (no measurable snowfall has been recorded on this date since records started being kept in 1872)


Weather Extremes for Macon County for the month of June
Data available from 1873 to 2022

Highest Temperature 101°F in Franklin on 07-29-1952
Lowest Temperature 34°F in Highlands on 07-27-1911
Greatest Rainfall 21.15 inches in Highlands on 07-29-1879
Greatest Snowfall no measurable snowfall has been recorded since records started being kept in 1873

All-time record weather events for Macon County

Highest Temperature 101°F in Franklin on Jul 29, 1952
Lowest Temperature -19°F in Highlands on Jan 21, 1985
Greatest Rainfall 21.15 inches in Highlands on Jul 29, 1879
Greatest One-Day Snowfall 25.5 inches at the Coweeta Experimental Station on Mar 13, 1993




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Macon Calendar
(send your event to calendar@maconmedia.com)


No events submitted



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Local and State News


• Synchronous fireflies put on light show for visitors in Grandfather Mountain [WRAL-TV (Raleigh, NC)]

• The state of barbecue: How NC is clinging to tradition in its most famous food [Raleigh News and Observer]

• Fun, festivities, fireworks: Where to celebrate July 4th in the mountains [WLOS-TV (Asheville, NC)]

• 5 summer hikes: Beat the Asheville heat in the cool WNC mountains [Asheville Citizen Times]

• Macon County Board of Education - June 2022 Meeting [Macon Media]


State Budget Details

• NC Budget Table of Contents [Google Drive (PDF)]

• NC House Bill 103: 2022 Appropriations Act [Google Drive (PDF)]

• Joint Conference Committee Report on the Current Operations Appropriations Act of 2022 [Google Drive (PDF)]

• House Bill 103 Information and Voting History [NC General Assembly Website]

• Raises for state employees, preparations for recession, in proposed state budget [WRAL-TV (Raleigh, NC)]


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Special Section: Russo-Ukrainian War Updates
(sharing of a particular source is not an endorsement)
(Longer videos are in the Russo-Ukraine Videos section)



• Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 03 [Institute for the Study of War] [PDF for June 28th]



Germany, rearmament, and Ukraine - "Why 100 billion Euro may not fix the German military" | Perun



War of Attrition - Russian Invasion of Ukraine | Kings and Generals






JOMINI OF THE WEST MAP (Day 98-107)





• Ukraine: Scholz warns war could last a 'really long time' — live updates [DW News]

• British FM Liz Truss on supporting Ukraine: 'We're in it for the long haul' [The Interview | France 24]

• Russia claims full control of Luhansk region as key city captured [Al Jazeera]

• Russia Claims Control of Luhansk as Ukrainian Forces Retreat From Lysychansk [Wall Street Journal]

• As City Falls, Ukraine’s Last Hope in Luhansk Falls With It [New York Times]


News from Russian or pro-Russian outlets or Video About the Russian Perspective

• US believes it’s not yet time for peace talks between Russia and Ukraine [Russia Today]

• Expert: New Ukrainian tactics creates problems for the Russian military [Pravda ]

• Ukraine says its forces pulled out of Lisichansk to save lives of servicemen [TASS Russian News Agency]

The causes and consequences of the Ukraine war A lecture by John J. Mearsheimer



The Ukraine War From Russia's Perspective




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National and World News Roundup

• Millennials Were Optimistic About Their Financial Future—but Now, Not So Much [Wall Street Journal]

• 76 Fake Charities Shared a Mailbox. The I.R.S. Approved Them All. [New York Times]

• U.S. Supreme Court asks Maryland to bar protests at justices' homes [Reuters via Yahoo! News]

Great replacement conspiracy theory: Its role in mass shootings and politics | DW News



• Georgians Take To Streets Of Tbilisi In Pro-EU, Anti-Government Rally [Radio Free Europe]

• Watergate prosecutor says slapping Trump with a charge for rebellion or insurrection could prevent him from ever holding office again [Business insider]

Meet The Press Broadcast (Full) - July 3, 2022



This Week With George Stephanopoulos 7/3/22 | ABC Latest News Today July 3, 2022



German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on “Face the Nation with Margaret Brennan” | Full interview



Global National: July 3, 2022 | Russia claims victory over Ukrainian forces in Lysychansk



NBC Nightly News Full Broadcast - July 3rd, 2022


--> PBS NewsHour Full Episode July 3rd, 2022



• Yes, the Great Books Make Us Better People [New York Times]



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COVID-19 News and Updates

Here is a section on COVID-19. It includes local, regional, state, national, and global items.



COVID-19 Numbers for Macon County:






• WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard [World Health Organization]

Globally, as of 6:25pm CEST, 1 July 2022, there have been 545,226,550 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 6,334,728 deaths, reported to WHO. As of 30 June 2022, a total of 11,986,040,938 vaccine doses have been administered.
In United States of America, from 3 January 2020 to 6:25pm CEST, 1 July 2022, there have been 86,433,723 confirmed cases of COVID-19 with 1,007,644 deaths, reported to WHO. As of 24 June 2022, a total of 585,796,438 vaccine doses have been administered.

• Predictors of severe illness in children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome after SARS-CoV-2 infection: a multicentre cohort study [Canadian Medical Association Journal]

• Scientists keeping an eye on new COVID variant BA.2.75 [Jerusalem Post]

What's behind the rise in COVID-19 cases? | Inside Story



• Coronavirus FAQ: Can I get COVID outdoors? (With printable poster on how to cut risks) [National Public Radio]

• France mulls return to masks as COVID-19 hospitalizations rebound [Global News (Canada)]




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Science and Technology News Roundup

• title [SOURCE]

• ‘We got dinosaurs all wrong.’ New study argues that dinosaurs were ‘fundamentally cold-adapted animals’ [Courthouse News Service]

• A Florida county is quarantining after discovery of invasive Giant African land snail [CNN]

• The Tech Guy Episode 1908 [TWIT-TV]

• 5 Cyber Stories You Missed This Week [Gizmodo]

• British Army Twitter and YouTube feeds hijacked by crypto-promos [The Register]

• Chip makers are refusing to build new semiconductor plants in the U.S. unless Congress unlocks $52 billion in funding [Yahoo! Finance]

• The First Million-Transistor Chip: the Engineers’ Story [IEEE Spectrum]

• Free, legally available series/movies on YouTube in a Netlflix-like interface [Lamplight TV]


Podcasts and Long Form Videos
Anything covering educational, entertainment, history, current events, and technology topics

Demis Hassabis: DeepMind - AI, Superintelligence & the Future of Humanity | Lex Fridman Podcast #299



Rocket Lab To Send CAPSTONE Satellite To The Moon For NASA | Rocket Lab



SpaceX Starship Updates & Starlink Loader Tested, NASA CAPSTONE Success, SES-22, USSF-12 and more | Marcus House



Raptor Shielding Installed on Booster 7 for Static Fire | SpaceX Boca Chica



The Missing Baryon Problem and the Anti-Matter Discrepancy | Event Horizon



NSF Live: Discussing Booster 7 static fire plans, Rocket Lab's lunar mission, SLS rollback, and more



Relativity's Mini Starship Gets Major Deal and Everybody Is Launching Rockets | Deep Space Updates






Back to Top
Russo-Ukrainian War Videos (mostly long form)

--> Germany, rearmament, and Ukraine - "Why 100 billion Euro may not fix the German military" | Perun



War of Attrition - Russian Invasion of Ukraine | Kings and Generals



Russia, Ukraine claim control of Lysychansk as fighting rages on | DW News



Zelenskyy vows to retake Lysychansk as Ukrainian troops retreat | Al Jazeera



Switzerland hosts meeting to hash out 'Marshall Plan' for Ukraine | FRANCE 24 English



Power shift on Ukraine’s frontlines? | Binkov's Battlegrounds







Back to Top
On This Day

July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 180 days remain until the end of the year.

Historical Events



Historical Events

(Please note that the Wikipedia articles often contain a bibliography and links to where you can learn more about a historical event)




362 BC – Battle of Mantinea: The Thebans, led by Epaminondas, defeated the Spartans.

414 – Emperor Theodosius II, age 13, yields power to his older sister Aelia Pulcheria, who reigned as regent and proclaimed herself empress (Augusta) of the Eastern Roman Empire.

836 – Pactum Sicardi, a peace treaty between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples, is signed.

993 – Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized as a saint.

1054 – A supernova, called SN 1054, is seen by Chinese Song dynasty, Arab, and possibly Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.

1120 – Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death.

1187 – The Crusades: Battle of Hattin: Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem.

1253 – Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre.

1359 – Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.

1456 – Ottoman–Hungarian wars: The Siege of Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade) begins.

1534 – Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye.

1584 – Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe arrive at Roanoke Island

1610 – The Battle of Klushino is fought between forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia during the Polish–Muscovite War.

1634 – The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France (now Quebec, Canada).

1744 – The Treaty of Lancaster, in which the Iroquois cede lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio River to the British colonies, was signed in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

1774 – Orangetown Resolutions are adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts.

1776 – American Revolution: The United States Declaration of Independence is adopted by the Second Continental Congress.

1778 – American Revolutionary War: U.S. forces under George Clark capture Kaskaskia during the Illinois campaign.

1802 – At West Point, New York, the United States Military Academy opens.

1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.

1817 – In Rome, New York, construction on the Erie Canal begins.

1826 – John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, respectively the second and third presidents of the United States, die the same day, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence. Adams' last words were, "Thomas Jefferson survives."

1827 – Slavery is abolished in the State of New York.

1831 – Samuel Francis Smith writes "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" for the Boston, Massachusetts July 4 festivities.

1832 – John Neal delivers the first public lecture in the US to advocate the rights of women.

1837 – Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.

1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.

1845 – Henry David Thoreau moves into a small cabin on Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts. Thoreau's account of his two years there, Walden, will become a touchstone of the environmental movement.

1855 – The first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, Leaves of Grass, is published In Brooklyn.

1862 – Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.

1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg: Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to U.S. forces under Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. One hundred fifty miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate army is repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas.

1863 – American Civil War: The Army of Northern Virginia withdraws from the battlefield after losing the Battle of Gettysburg, signalling an end to the Confederate invasion of U.S. territory.

1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: The Zululand capital of Ulundi is captured by British troops and burned to the ground, ending the war and forcing King Cetshwayo to flee.

1881 – In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.

1886 – The Canadian Pacific Railway's first scheduled train from Montreal arrives in Port Moody on the Pacific coast, after six days of travel.

1887 – The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.

1892 – Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, causing Monday (July 4) to occur twice, resulting in a year with 367 days.

1894 – The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.

1898 – En route from New York to Le Havre, the SS La Bourgogne collides with another ship and sinks off the coast of Sable Island, with the loss of 549 lives.

1901 – William Howard Taft becomes American governor of the Philippines.

1903 – The Philippine–American War is officially concluded.

1910 – The Johnson–Jeffries riots occur after African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in the 15th round. Between 11 and 26 people are killed and hundreds more injured.

1911 – A massive heat wave strikes the northeastern United States, killing 380 people in eleven days and breaking temperature records in several cities.

1913 – President Woodrow Wilson addresses American Civil War veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913.

1914 – The funeral of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie takes place in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo.

1918 – Mehmed V died at the age of 73 and Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.

1918 – World War I: The Battle of Hamel, a successful attack by the Australian Corps against German positions near the town of Le Hamel on the Western Front.

1918 – Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).

1927 – First flight of the Lockheed Vega.

1939 – Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, informs a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considers himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth", then announces his retirement from major league baseball.

1941 – Nazi crimes against the Polish nation: Nazi troops massacre Polish scientists and writers in the captured Ukrainian city of Lviv.

1941 – World War II: The Burning of the Riga synagogues: The Great Choral Synagogue in German-occupied Riga is burnt with 300 Jews locked in the basement.

1942 – World War II: The 250-day Siege of Sevastopol in the Crimea ends when the city falls to Axis forces.

1943 – World War II: The Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history and the world's largest tank battle, begins in the village of Prokhorovka.

1943 – World War II: In Gibraltar, a Royal Air Force B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into the sea in an apparent accident moments after takeoff, killing sixteen passengers on board, including general Władysław Sikorski, the commander-in-chief of the Polish Army and the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile; only the pilot survives.

1944 - 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima

1946 – The Kielce pogrom against Jewish Holocaust survivors in Poland.

1946 – After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule by various powers, the Philippines attains full independence from the United States.

1947 – The "Indian Independence Bill" is presented before the British House of Commons, proposing the independence of the Provinces of British India into two sovereign countries: India and Pakistan.

1950 – Cold War: Radio Free Europe first broadcasts.

1951 – Cold War: A court in Czechoslovakia sentences American journalist William N. Oatis to ten years in prison on charges of espionage.

1951 – William Shockley announces the invention of the junction transistor.

1954 – Rationing ends in the United Kingdom.

1960 – Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Acts (United States)).

1961 – On its maiden voyage, the Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-19 suffers a complete loss of coolant to its reactor. The crew are able to effect repairs, but 22 of them die of radiation poisoning over the following two years.

1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act went into effect the next year.

1976 – Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all but four of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.

1976 – The U.S. celebrates its Bicentennial.

1977 – The George Jackson Brigade plants a bomb at the main power substation for the Washington state capitol in Olympia, in solidarity with a prison strike at the Walla Walla State Penitentiary Intensive Security Unit.

1982 – Three Iranian diplomats and a journalist are kidnapped in Lebanon by Phalange forces, and their fate remains unknown.

1987 – In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (a.k.a. the "Butcher of Lyon") is convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1994 – Rwandan genocide: Kigali, the Rwandan capital, is captured by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, ending the genocide in the city.

1997 – NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.

1998 – Japan launches the Nozomi probe to Mars, joining the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.

2001 – Vladivostock Air Flight 352 crashes on approach to Irkutsk Airport killing all 145 people on board.

2002 – A Boeing 707 crashes near Bangui M'Poko International Airport in Bangui, Central African Republic, killing 28.

2004 – The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the World Trade Center site in New York City.

2004 – Greece beats Portugal in the UEFA Euro 2004 Final and becomes European Champion for first time in its history.

2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.

2006 – Space Shuttle program: Discovery launches STS-121 to the International Space Station. The event gained wide media attention as it was the only shuttle launch in the program's history to occur on the United States' Independence Day.

2009 – The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks.

2009 – The first of four days of bombings begins on the southern Philippine island group of Mindanao.

2012 – The discovery of particles consistent with the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider is announced at CERN.

2015 – Chile claims its first title in international football by defeating Argentina in the 2015 Copa América Final.

2017 - North Korea tests first successful intercontinental ballistic missile into Sea of Japan

2019 - Biggest seaweed bloom in the world, the Great Atlantic Sargassum Belt stretches from West Africa to the Gulf of Mexico after algae explosion due to deforestation and fertiliser

2019 - US President Donald Trump holds a “Salute to America” Fourth of July celebration in Washington, D.C., controversial for its emphasis on the military and presence of tanks

2019 - Russian President Vladmir Putin meets with Pope Francis at the Vatican

• [Russian President Putin Meets Pope Francis in the Vatican | Voice of America]
• [Putin and pope hold 'substantive' talks in shadow of Ukraine crisis | Reuters]
• [Putin meets Pope Francis on one-day visit to Rome PBS Newshour]

2019 - Record temperatures in Alaska as Anchorage reaches 90F (32C)







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Published at 6:00am on Monday, July 04, 2022
Author: Bobby Coggins


Resources used to compile the information in this article include, but are not limited to the following websites or books: MaconMedia.com, youtube.com, weather.gov, airnow.gov, wikipedia.com, onthisday.com, ncdcr.gov, ncsu.edu, utah.edu, https://www.microbe.tv/twiv/, wolfram.com, biorxiv.org, aps.org, nejm.org, plos.org, cell.com, researchsquare.com, cureus.com, spc.noaa.gov, nhc.noaa.gov, ncdenr.org, medrxiv.org, archive.org, ncpedia.org, nasa.gov, https://ww2days.com, nih.gov, carolinapublicpress.org, microbe.tv, smokymountainnews.com, psypost.org, blogspot.com, pollen.com, franklinnc.com, maconnc.org, spaceweather.com, solarham.com, loc.gov, ncleg.net, senate.gov, house.gov, whitehouse.gov, drudgereport.com, politico.com, realclearpolitics.com, ushmm.org, This Day in North Carolina History, World War II Day By Day, The Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Timetables of History, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The World History and Book of Facts (multiple years), On This Day In History: Over 4,000 facts, The NASA Archives. 60 Years in Space, This Day in North Carolina History, The Smithsonian History of Space Exploration: From the Ancient World to the Extraterrestrial Future, Spaceflight, 2nd Edition: The Complete Story from Sputnik to Curiousity, The Story of Civilization (11 volumes), The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, American History, Volume 1: 1492-1877, American History, Volume 2: 1877 - Present, A Complete Chronolgy of the Second World War. Weather and Almanac data and information sources: Sources (except where otherwise credited): heavens-above.com, Ian Webster's Github, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, The National Weather Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center, Penn State University Electronic Wall Map, The State Climate Office of North Carolina, Storm Prediction Center, U.S. Naval Observatory, University of Utah Department of Atmospheric Sciences, and the Weather Prediction Center. Back to Top

Sunday, July 3, 2022

News and Weather Briefing for Sunday, July 3, 2022






Here is an index to assist you in moving from section to section within the article.

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Weather
Hazards and Tropical Weather
Almanac
Macon Calendar
Local and StateNews
Russo-UKrainian War Updates
National News Roundup
COVID-19 News and Updates
Science and Technology
Russo-Ukrainian War Videos (mostly long form)
On This Day
Support Macon Media


GENERAL OUTLOOK

A weak cold front will settle slowly southward into the western Carolinas today through tonight before stalling in the vicinity of the forecast area on Monday. The front will dissipate early in the week, with warm and humid high pressure dominating the pattern Tuesday through Friday. A stronger cold front will approach from the northwest on Saturday.



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Local Weather

General Forecast Through Tuesday Night





Franklin Area

Today

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 2pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm between 2pm and 3pm, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 3pm. Areas of fog before 8am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high near 85. Light and variable wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly before 10pm. Patchy fog after 3am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 65. Calm wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New precipitation amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Independence Day

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly between 3pm and 5pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Patchy fog before 7am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high near 84. Calm wind becoming south southeast around 6 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Monday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am, then a slight chance of showers. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 66. Light southeast wind. Chance of precipitation is 30%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Partly sunny, with a high near 86. Calm wind becoming southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 60%.

Tuesday Night

A slight chance of showers and thunderstorms before 11pm, then a slight chance of showers between 11pm and 1am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 66. Chance of precipitation is 20%.


Highlands Plateau

Today

Showers and thunderstorms, mainly after 2pm. Some of the storms could produce heavy rainfall. Areas of fog before 8am. High near 78. Light and variable wind. Chance of precipitation is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a half and three quarters of an inch possible.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly before 11pm. Some of the storms could produce heavy rainfall. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 63. Calm wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Independence Day

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after 2pm. Patchy fog before 7am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high near 75. Light and variable wind becoming southeast around 6 mph in the morning. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Monday Night

A 40 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms, mainly before 1am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 65. Southeast wind 3 to 5 mph. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Partly sunny, with a high near 78. Calm wind becoming south southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 60%.

Tuesday Night

A 20 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 65.


Otto and South Central Macon County

Today

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 2pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm between 2pm and 3pm, then showers and thunderstorms likely after 3pm. Areas of fog before 8am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high near 85. Light and variable wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly before 10pm. Patchy fog after 4am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 66. Calm wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Independence Day

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly between 3pm and 5pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Patchy fog before 7am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high near 82. Calm wind becoming south southeast around 6 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Monday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 2am, then a slight chance of showers. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 67. Light southeast wind. Chance of precipitation is 30%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A chance of showers and thunderstorms, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 5pm. Partly sunny, with a high near 85. Calm wind becoming southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 60%.

Tuesday Night

A slight chance of showers and thunderstorms before 11pm, then a slight chance of showers between 11pm and midnight. Partly cloudy, with a low around 67. Chance of precipitation is 20%.


Nantahala Area

Today

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after 3pm. Areas of fog before 9am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a high near 82. Light and variable wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly before 9pm. Patchy fog after 3am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with a low around 66. Calm wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New precipitation amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Independence Day

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly before 5pm. Some of the storms could produce heavy rainfall. Areas of fog before 7am. Otherwise, partly sunny, with a high near 80. Light east southeast wind. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a half and three quarters of an inch possible.

Monday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 1am, then a slight chance of showers between 1am and 5am. Some of the storms could produce heavy rainfall. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 68. Light southeast wind. Chance of precipitation is 30%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday

A slight chance of showers, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after 9am. Mostly sunny, with a high near 81. Light and variable wind. Chance of precipitation is 40%.



Tuesday Night

A slight chance of showers and thunderstorms. Partly cloudy, with a low around 68. Chance of precipitation is 20%.







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Hazards and Tropical Weather

Numerous to widespread thunderstorms will develop today, mainly during the afternoon and evening hours, accompanied by dangerous cloud-to-ground lightning, gusty winds, and heavy rainfall. One or two of the thunderstorms could produce damaging wind gusts and quarter-sized hail. Isolated flooding will possible with slowly- moving thunderstorms.





TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK




Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Sun Jul 3 2022

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

Active Systems:
The National Hurricane Center is issuing advisories on recently downgraded Tropical Depression Colin, located near the southeastern coast of North Carolina.

1. Central Caribbean Sea:
Recent satellite-derived wind data indicate that a tropical wave over the central Caribbean Sea is producing winds to near gale force just south of Hispaniola, and disorganized shower and thunderstorm activity stretches across the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and the adjacent waters of the Caribbean Sea. Despite these conditions, development of the wave is not expected while it moves westward at about 20 mph into an area of stronger upper-level winds over the western Caribbean Sea.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...near 0 percent.



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Almanac

24 Hour Smoke Forecast

No smoke fields will be crossing Macon County today, no map was produced.












Air quality is in theupper range of green for most of the county, with the ridges and other higher elevations today being in the upper range of green.

Fire and Smoke Map




Local Air Monitor



Pollen

Pollen levels are expected to be in the low range 1.4 out of 12) today with Grasses, Plantain, and Dock being the main culprits. Tomorrow is expected to be in the low-medium range (1.3 out of 12).



Record Weather Events for July 3rd

Record weather events for this date in Macon County
(1872-2016)

Highest Temperature 96°F in Franklin in 2012
Lowest Temperature 42°F in Highlands in 1918
Greatest Rainfall 2.79 inches at the Coweeta Experimental Station in 2013
Greatest Snowfall (no measurable snowfall has been recorded on this date since records started being kept in 1872)


Weather Extremes for Macon County for the month of June
Data available from 1873 to 2022

Highest Temperature 101°F in Franklin on 07-29-1952
Lowest Temperature 34°F in Highlands on 07-27-1911
Greatest Rainfall 21.15 inches in Highlands on 07-29-1879
Greatest Snowfall no measurable snowfall has been recorded since records started being kept in 1873

All-time record weather events for Macon County

Highest Temperature 101°F in Franklin on Jul 29, 1952
Lowest Temperature -19°F in Highlands on Jan 21, 1985
Greatest Rainfall 21.15 inches in Highlands on Jul 29, 1879
Greatest One-Day Snowfall 25.5 inches at the Coweeta Experimental Station on Mar 13, 1993




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Macon Calendar
(send your event to calendar@maconmedia.com)


No events submitted



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Local and State News


• UNC researchers have developed a molecule that could get medicines to market faster [Raleigh News and Observer]

• NC budget, immigration enforcement, other measures sent to Cooper as legislative session wanes [WRAL-TV (Raleigh, NC)]

• Respect our veterans: July 4 may cause distress for those who struggle with PTSD [WLOS-TV (Asheville, NC)]

• Macon County Board of Education - June 2022 Meeting [Macon Media]


State Budget Details

• NC Budget Table of Contents [Google Drive (PDF)]

• NC House Bill 103: 2022 Appropriations Act [Google Drive (PDF)]

• Joint Conference Committee Report on the Current Operations Appropriations Act of 2022 [Google Drive (PDF)]

• House Bill 103 Information and Voting History [NC General Assembly Website]

• Raises for state employees, preparations for recession, in proposed state budget [WRAL-TV (Raleigh, NC)]


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Special Section: Russo-Ukrainian War Updates
(sharing of a particular source is not an endorsement)
(Longer videos are in the Russo-Ukraine Videos section)



• Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 02 [Institute for the Study of War] [PDF for June 28th]



Why War in Ukraine is Causing Apocalyptic Famine | Real Life Lore



Why is Kaliningrad crucial to the war in Ukraine? | BBC News






JOMINI OF THE WEST MAP (Day 98-107)





• Ukraine weapons: What military equipment is the world giving? [BBC News]

• 19 killed in Russian missile strike on Ukrainian apartment building [ABC News via Yahoo! News]

• Ukraine: Heavy fighting in Lysychansk as separatists claim gains [DW News]

• Russia-Ukraine war: List of key events, day 130 [Al Jazeera]

• Belarus claims to have shot down missiles fired from Ukraine [France 24E]


News from Russian or pro-Russian outlets or Video About the Russian Perspective

• With attempts to 'cancel' Pushkin, Ukraine's drive to eradicate Russian language and culture has reached the level of farce [Russia Today]

• Relations between Russia and Japan tumble down to zero [Pravda ]

• Air defense systems shot down two Ukrainian drones close to Kursk - governor [TASS Russian News Agency]

The causes and consequences of the Ukraine war A lecture by John J. Mearsheimer



The Ukraine War From Russia's Perspective




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National and World News Roundup

• America gets first taste of an originalist Supreme Court [Courthouse News Service]

• Trump Eyes Early 2024 Announcement as Jan. 6 Scrutiny Intensifies [New York Times]

Jet truck driver killed in air show accident | WOOD-TV (Grand Rapids, MI)



• Three police die in 'pure hell' Kentucky shooting [BBC News]

• Uvalde schools’ police Chief Pete Arredondo resigns from City Council [PBS Newshour]

Global National: July 2, 2022 | Russia escalates assault on last stronghold in Ukraine’s Luhansk



NBC Nightly News Full Broadcast - July 2nd, 2022


--> PBS NewsHour Full Episode July 2nd, 2022



• Yes, the Great Books Make Us Better People [New York Times]



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COVID-19 News and Updates

Here is a section on COVID-19. It includes local, regional, state, national, and global items.



COVID-19 Numbers for Macon County:






• WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard [World Health Organization]

Globally, as of 6:25pm CEST, 1 July 2022, there have been 545,226,550 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 6,334,728 deaths, reported to WHO. As of 30 June 2022, a total of 11,986,040,938 vaccine doses have been administered.
In United States of America, from 3 January 2020 to 6:25pm CEST, 1 July 2022, there have been 86,433,723 confirmed cases of COVID-19 with 1,007,644 deaths, reported to WHO. As of 24 June 2022, a total of 585,796,438 vaccine doses have been administered.

• New ultra-contagious Omicron subvariants BA.4, BA.5 worsening California coronavirus wave [Los Angeles Times]

• New York City's COVID test positivity rate surpasses 10% for the first time since January [ABC News]

• Colorado’s drop in life expectancy blamed on COVID, drugs [AP News]

• Japan’s Secret to Taming the Coronavirus: Peer Pressure [New York Times]

• FDA will not require clinical trial data to authorize redesigned COVID boosters [Reuters]

• TWiV 914: COVID-19 clinical update #121 with Dr. Daniel Griffin [Microbe TV]




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Science and Technology News Roundup

• ‘Stranger Things 4’ Sets Nielsen Streaming Record [The Hollywood Reporter]

• Mark Zuckerberg told Meta staff he's upping performance goals to get rid of employees who 'shouldn't be here,' report says [Business Insider via Yahoo! News]

• The GPU shortage is over [The Verge]

• How your brainwaves could be used in criminal trials [Tech Explore]

• Off the shelf, above the fight: How cheap drones are completely changing warfare [Task and Purpose]

• We Asked GPT-3 to Write an Academic Paper about Itself—Then We Tried to Get It Published [Scientific American]

• FCC lets Starlink offer Internet service on moving vehicles throughout US [ARS TECHNICA]

• Scientists create an optical illusion that feels like an expanding black hole [Interesting Engineering]

• Free, legally available series/movies on YouTube in a Netlflix-like interface [Lamplight TV]


Podcasts and Long Form Videos
Anything covering educational, entertainment, history, current events, and technology topics

Demis Hassabis: DeepMind - AI, Superintelligence & the Future of Humanity | Lex Fridman Podcast #299



TWiV 915: Mouse mouth to mouse mom | Microbe TV



India's Fintech Success: Unified Payments Interface | Asianometry



ASTEROID IMPACT Comparison 🌑💥






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Russo-Ukrainian War Videos (mostly long form)

--> Ukraine accuses Russia of 'terror strikes' on Odesa | Ukraine War Update



Fight for Lysychansk intensifies, Russia accuses Ukraine of deadly shelling near border



Ukraine demands the seizure of Russian-flagged grain ship off Turkey | BBC News



Ukraine funeral: Village pays tribute to fallen soldier



Russia Leaves Snake Island; Why It's a Key Site in the Ukraine War | WSJ



John Bolton weighs in on war in Ukraine



Power shift on Ukraine’s frontlines? | Binkov's Battlegrounds







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On This Day

July 3rd is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 181 days remain until the end of the year.

Historical Events



Historical Events

(Please note that the Wikipedia articles often contain a bibliography and links to where you can learn more about a historical event)




324 – Battle of Adrianople: Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
• [Wikipedia: Battle of Adrianople]
• [Wikipedia Bio: Constantine I]
• [Wikipedia Bio: Licinius]

987 – Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty that would rule France until the French Revolution in 1792.
• [Wikipedia Bio: Hugh Capet]
• [Wikipedia: Capetian dynasty]

1035 – William the Conqueror becomes the Duke of Normandy, reigns until 1087.

1187 - Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army
• [Wikipedia: Battle of Hattin]
• [Battle of Hattin, 1187 ⚔️ Saladin's Greatest Victory - معركة حطين]
• [Third Crusade 1189-1192: From Hattin to Jaffa]
• [The Battle of Hattin, 1187 - Saladin vs. Crusaders]
• [Battle of Hattin, 1187: Three Primary Source Accounts]

1250 - Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself
• [Wikipedia: Battle of Fariskur]
• [The Seventh Crusade: A Concise Overview for Students]

1428 - Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy
• [Wikipedia: Treaty of Delft]

1608 – Québec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.

1661 - Portugal gives Tangier and Bombay to English King Charles II

1754 – French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.
• [George Washington's Defeat: the Battle of Fort Necessity]
• [Did George Washington Single-handedly Start an International War? - Fort Necessity & Jumonville PA]
• [Wikipewdia: George Washington in the French and Indian War]

1767 – Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

1767 – Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded and the first edition is published.

1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1778 – American Revolutionary War: Iroquois allied to Britain kill 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre.
• [Battle of Wyoming]
• [Vinnie Langdon: Battle Of Wyoming History]

1819 – The Bank for Savings in the City of New-York, the first savings bank in the United States, opens.

1839 – The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today's Framingham State University, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with three students.

1844 - The last pair of Great Auks is killed
• [Highlight History: The Spiteful End of the Great Auk]
• [Wikipedia: Great auk]

1848 – Governor-General Peter von Scholten emancipates all remaining slaves in the Danish West Indies.

1849 – France invades the Roman Republic and restores the Papal States.

1852 – Congress establishes the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco.

1861 - Pony Express arrives in San Francisco with overland letters from NY

1863 – American Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett's Charge.
• [Wikipedia: Pickett's Charge]
• [Civil War 1863 - Gettysburg Pickett's Charge]
• [Footage of Civil War Veterans at 50yr Anniversary in 1913 and 75yr Anniversary in 1938]

1864 - Battle of Chattahoochie River (Georgia) Begins (ends on July 9th)

1866 – Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgrätz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
• [Battle of Königgrätz]
• [Kings and Generals: Battle of Königgrätz 1866 - Austro-Prussian War ]
• [Tactics and rifles of the battle of Königgrätz - Lorenz and Dreyse rifles in action]

1871 - Jesse James robs a bank of $45,000 in Corydon, Iowa
• [Wikipedia Bio: Jesse James]
• [James–Younger Gang]
• [Timesuck | The Outlaw Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang]

1883 - SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River in Scotland; 195 die
• [SS Daphne (1883)]

1884 – Dow Jones and Company publishes its first stock average.

1886 – Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, the first purpose-built automobile.

1886 – The New-York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.

1890 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.

1890 - King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium

1898 – A Spanish squadron, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, is defeated by an American squadron under William T. Sampson in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.
• [Battle of Santiago de Cuba]
• [Rare Combat Photographs of US Navy Ships During the Battle of Santiago de Cuba (1898)]

1913 – Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
• [Footage of Civil War Veterans at 50yr Anniversary in 1913 & 75yr Anniversary in 1938]
• [Wikipedia: 1913 Gettysburg reunion]
• [Yesterdays Heroes Reunite during The 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg]

1938 – World speed record for a steam locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 125.88 miles per hour (202.58 km/h).
• [Wikipedia: LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard]
• [VIDEO: MALLARD - York - Scarborough - 1986]
• [Record Breaking Mallard Steam Train Video]

1938 – United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
• [Wikipedia: Eternal Light Peace Memorial]
• [1938 FDR Dedicates Gettysburg Memorial]
• [Silent Newsreel]

1939 - Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Adolf Hitler
• [Wikipedia: Heinkel He 176]
• [Heinkel He 176: Rocketmen]

1940 – World War II: The Royal Navy attacks the French naval squadron in Algeria, to ensure that it will not fall under German control. Of the four French battleships present, one is sunk, two are damaged, and one escapes back to France.
• [Wikipedia: Attack on Mers-el-Kébir]
• [Mers-el-Kebir - Tragedy on a Grand Scale]
• [Mers El Kebir 1940: When Britain Blew Up the French Fleet] (includes Newsreel Footage)
• [045 - Do the Brits hate the French?! - The Bombing of Mers-el-Kébir - WW2 - July 6 1940]
• [We All Feel Thoroughly Ashamed: Mers el Kébir (World War 2)]

1942 - German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea

1943 - British Liberator bomber sinks German U-628 in Bay of Biscay

1944 – World War II: The Minsk Offensive clears German troops from the city.
• [Wikipedia: Minsk offensive]

1952 – The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the United States Congress.
• [Wikipedia: Constitution of Puerto Rico]

1952 – The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary.

1967 – The Aden Emergency: The Battle of the Crater in which the British Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders retake the Crater district following the Arab Police mutiny.
• [Battle of the Crater (Aden)]
• [British Army in Aden | Crater Re-Taken | Lt. Colonel Colin "Mad Mitch" Mitchell | July 1967]
• [Mad Mitch and his Tribal Law, The Aden Emergency]

1969 – Space Race: The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.
• [Wikipedia: N1 (rocket)]
• [LINKTEXT]
• [The Largest Rocket Explosion Ever - The Soviet N1 Moon Rocket Failure]
• [Soviet N1 Moon Rocket Documentary]
• [All the failed launches of the Soviet Moon rocket N1 | Historic Rocket Launches]

1970 – The Troubles: The "Falls Curfew" begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
• [Wikipedia: Falls Curfew]
• [Wikipedia: The Troubles]

1970 – Dan-Air Flight 1903 crashes into the Les Agudes mountain in the Montseny Massif near the village of Arbúcies in Catalonia, Spain, killing all 112 people aboard.

1979 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
• [Wikipedia: Operation Cyclone]
• [Episode 038 - Richard Rice on his piece of Operation Cyclone aka “Charlie Wilson’s War”]
• [The True Story of Charlie Wilson's War]

1986 - US President Reagan presides over relighting of renovated Statue of Liberty
• [President Reagan's Remarks at the Statue of Liberty on Governors Island, New York, July 3, 1986]

1988 – United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.
• [Iran Air Flight 655]
• [USS Vincennes (CG-49)]
• [NBC SPECIAL REPORT, July 1988 - Navy Missile Downs Civilian Iran Air Flight 655]
• [AP VIDEO] (some segments silent)
• [July 4, 1988 CBS News - Downing of Iran Air Flight 655 & Reagan & Ayatollah's Responses - VHS rescue]
• [The 8th Minute: The 'Forgotten' US Shootdown of Iranian Airliner Flight 655]

1988 – The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus.

1996 – UK House of Commons announces that the Stone of Scone, aka the Stone of Destiny, used in the coronation of Scottish (and subsequently English and British monarchs), will be returned to Scotland after 700 years in Westminster Abbey.
• [Wikipedia: Stone of Scone]
• [AP VIDEO]

2013 – Egyptian coup d'état: President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi is overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi's resignation, to which he did not respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt Adly Mansour is declared acting president.







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Published at 6:00am on Sunday, July 03, 2022
Author: Bobby Coggins


Resources used to compile the information in this article include, but are not limited to the following websites or books: MaconMedia.com, youtube.com, weather.gov, airnow.gov, wikipedia.com, onthisday.com, ncdcr.gov, ncsu.edu, utah.edu, https://www.microbe.tv/twiv/, wolfram.com, biorxiv.org, aps.org, nejm.org, plos.org, cell.com, researchsquare.com, cureus.com, spc.noaa.gov, nhc.noaa.gov, ncdenr.org, medrxiv.org, archive.org, ncpedia.org, nasa.gov, https://ww2days.com, nih.gov, carolinapublicpress.org, microbe.tv, smokymountainnews.com, psypost.org, blogspot.com, pollen.com, franklinnc.com, maconnc.org, spaceweather.com, solarham.com, loc.gov, ncleg.net, senate.gov, house.gov, whitehouse.gov, drudgereport.com, politico.com, realclearpolitics.com, ushmm.org, This Day in North Carolina History, World War II Day By Day, The Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Timetables of History, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The World History and Book of Facts (multiple years), On This Day In History: Over 4,000 facts, The NASA Archives. 60 Years in Space, This Day in North Carolina History, The Smithsonian History of Space Exploration: From the Ancient World to the Extraterrestrial Future, Spaceflight, 2nd Edition: The Complete Story from Sputnik to Curiousity, The Story of Civilization (11 volumes), The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, American History, Volume 1: 1492-1877, American History, Volume 2: 1877 - Present, A Complete Chronolgy of the Second World War. Weather and Almanac data and information sources: Sources (except where otherwise credited): heavens-above.com, Ian Webster's Github, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, The National Weather Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center, Penn State University Electronic Wall Map, The State Climate Office of North Carolina, Storm Prediction Center, U.S. Naval Observatory, University of Utah Department of Atmospheric Sciences, and the Weather Prediction Center. Back to Top