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I am working on the template of this blog today in order to chase down some problems that have developed with my template and widgets.

Thursday, July 1, 2021

Weather Briefing for Thursday, July 01, 2021



OUTLOOK

High pressure off the Atlantic coast weakens as a cold front drops into the area from the Ohio River Valley on Friday. Increasing moisture will lead to increasing coverage of showers and thunderstorms Friday. The front moves east of the area by Saturday and Independence Day. Near seasonal conditions expected early next week.


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Weather Sponsor



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing & public safety updates for the month.

Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC. Visit our Facebook page at: https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC

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DAY SPONSOR

Macon Media is being underwritten today by Franklin Health and Fitness, home of #ResultsForEveryone. Try FHF with a FREE 3-Day Guest Pass! To claim your pass, and to learn more about Franklin Health and Fitness, visit franklinhealthandfitness.com.



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Local News Update
(National News is published after the Macon Calendar section)

Town of Franklin Announces Independence Day Celebration

(Franklin, NC) The Town of Franklin’s annual celebration of Independence Day will see several changes in 2021.

“Franklin’s celebration this year will be held on Saturday, July 3. It is a true, small town American experience. The Town Council and Employees have planned an event that is open to everyone-- children, residents, visitors, veterans, young, old, and pets—to have the opportunity to take part in the parade and all activities as we celebrate our Nation’s 245 th birthday. It is a celebration where everyone becomes a participant—not just a spectator,” said Mayor Bob Scott. The activities will begin at 12 noon with inflatables for kids including a water slide. The free attractions will be open until 4:00 p.m. on the square in Downtown Franklin near the Macon County Courthouse. Be sure your young ones are dressed appropriately to enjoy the water slide and other inflatables.

At 4:30 the Little Miss and Mister Firecracker Contest will take place. This contest is open to all girls and boys ages 3 to 6. It is patriotic in nature with entrants judged on their patriotic attire and one question. No registration or entry fee is required for this family-friendly contest that will be held at the Gazebo on the Square.

Even pets can get in on the fun with the Patriotic Pet Contest following at approximately 4:45 p.m. Deck your pets out in red, white and blue for this fun event.

“Franklin hosts one of the few parades in the country that visitors can actually participate in,” said Justin Setser, Interim Town Manager. “We encourage locals and visitors alike to be part of the parade. All you have to do is be in the lower parking lot of Town Hall at 5:30 pm for lineup. Entrants can walk, drive or ride and are encouraged to incorporate patriotic colors.”

The Patriotic Parade will begin at 6:00 p.m. and travel down Main Street, turn right on Iotla Street and disband back at Town Hall.

Following the Patriotic Parade, a short break is planned to relax, have dinner, and get ready for Fireworks Over Franklin. The park and watch fireworks show will be displayed in East Franklin at 15 First Street across from the Shops at Riverwalk (formerly East Franklin Shopping Center). Many will not even have to leave their homes to view the show.

“We are again working with Hale Artificier, Inc. of Lexington, North Carolina to produce the show,” said Scott. “These folks have been in business nearly 40 years and produce spectacular fireworks displays all across the Southeast.”

Fireworks Over Franklin is an all-aerial show that will feature hundreds of fireworks with over 250 shells in the grand finale alone.

A perimeter around the site will be secured and spectators will not be allowed to park or walk close to the launching site. Please note that any unauthorized vehicles in the safety zone will be towed.

“Plans are to have a test fireworks shell fired at 9:00 p.m. and 9:15 p.m. These test shells will help those who want to view the display determine if they might need to move to a different location for better viewing,” Scott said. “You will be able to view the display from many different locales in East Franklin and even from Town Hill.”

Prior to the fireworks display, the Town of Franklin will host a live radio broadcast on WFSC Radio beginning at 8:30 p.m. At 9:30 p.m. WFSC will air a patriotic soundtrack for the fireworks display that you will be able to enjoy, no matter where you are. Tune your radios to 104.9 FM for both the live broadcast and fireworks soundtrack.

“Franklin’s Fourth of July event is for everyone. The Town of Franklin is certainly very pleased to host these events for our residents and visitors as we return to normal during the pandemic,” Scott said.

For additional information call (828) 524-2516 or online at TownofFranklinNC.com or follow on Facebook @FranklinNCEvents.



Vet's Portrait Project for 2021 

 The Macon County Art Association in Franklin is pleased to announce that the Vet’s Portrait Project will be held this year. This will be our ninth year for this event. Unfortunately the pandemic precluded the project last year but the artists are ready to go for 2021. This year there are spots for 4-7 veterans as we had applications remaining from 2019. Please announce the call for Macon County Veterans or their family members to apply to have the Veteran’s portrait painted by one of our local artists. Vets or their families may apply at the gallery between Memorial Day and July 4th of this year. There is no cost to apply or for the portraits. The only requirement is that the Veteran or their family member be present to receive the portrait on Veterans Day November 11, 2021. Community members who wish to help support the costs for this program are also welcome. Contact the project chair by email at karen@programservices.org.

NC Dept of Justice Releases May 2021 Highlights [LINK]


National Weather Map for Today



General forecast through Thursday Night


Franklin area

Today

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after 5pm. Patchy fog before 11am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with highs in the lower 80s. Calm winds increasing to come out of the southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms, mainly before 9pm, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after 9pm. Patchy fog between 3am and 5am. Lows in the mid-60s. Light winds out of the southwest. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a half and three-quarters of an inch possible.

Friday

Showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 9am. Patchy fog before 7am. Highs in the upper 70s. Light winds out of the west. Chance of rain is 90%. New rainfall amounts between a half and three-quarters of an inch possible.

Friday Night

Showers likely, mainly before 9pm. Partly cloudy, with lows in the mid-50s. Light winds out of the northwest. Chance of rain is 60%.

Saturday

Sunny, with highs in the lower 80s.

Saturday Night

Mostly clear, with lows in the mid-50s.

Highlands Plateau

Today

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after 5pm. Patchy fog before 9am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with highs in the mid-70s. Winds out of the southwest 3 to 8 mph. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms, mainly before midnight, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after midnight. Patchy fog after 2am. Lows around 60. Winds out of the west 5 to 10 mph. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Friday

Showers and possibly a thunderstorm. Some of the storms could produce heavy rainfall. Patchy fog before 8am. Highs in the upper 60s. WInds out of the northwest around 5 mph. Chance of rain is 90%. New rainfall amounts between three-quarters and one inch possible.

Friday Night

A 30 percent chance of showers, mainly before 8pm. Partly cloudy, with lows in the low-to-mid 50s. Winds out of the north 3 to 5 mph.

Saturday

Sunny, with highs in the low-to-mid 70s.

Saturday Night

Mostly clear, with lows in the low-to-mid 50s.

Otto area

Today

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after 4pm. Patchy fog before 10am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with highs in the low-to-mid 80s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the southwest 5 to 10 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms, mainly before 9pm, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm after 9pm. Patchy fog after 3am. Lows in the mid-60s. Light winds out of the southwest. Chance of rain is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.

Friday

Showers and possibly a thunderstorm. Highs in the mid-70s. Calm winds becoming west around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 90%. New rainfall amounts between a half and three-quarters of an inch possible.

Friday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 8pm, then a slight chance of showers between 8pm and 10pm. Partly cloudy, with lows in the mid-to-upper 50s. Calm winds increasing to come out of the northwest around 5 mph before midnight. Chance of rain is 30%.

Saturday

Sunny, with highs near 80.

Saturday Night

Mostly clear, with lows in the mid-50s.

Nantahala area

Today

Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly after 5pm. Patchy fog before 9am. Otherwise, mostly cloudy, with highs near 80. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the southwest around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of rain is 60%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight

Showers and thunderstorms likely before 9pm, then showers and possibly a thunderstorm between 9pm and 3am, then showers after 3am. Patchy fog after 3am. Low in the mid-60s. Calm winds. Chance of rain is 90%. New rainfall amounts between a half and three-quarters of an inch possible.

Friday

Showers and possibly a thunderstorm, mainly before 5pm, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after 5pm. Some of the storms could produce heavy rainfall. Patchy fog before 8am. Highs in the lower 70s. Light winds out of the west. Chance of rain is 90%. New rainfall amounts between three-quarters and one inch possible.

Friday Night

A chance of showers and thunderstorms before 8pm, then a slight chance of showers before midnight. Partly cloudy, with lows in the mid-to-upper 50s. Calm winds becoming north around 5 mph. Chance of rain is 30%.

Saturday

Sunny, with highs in the mid-70s.

Saturday Night

Mostly clear, with lows in the mid-50s.

HAZARDS

Showers and thunderstorms are expected to increase in coverage ahead of a cold front this afternoon, maximize across the region tonight through Friday, before diminishing from the west with the frontal passage early Saturday. Areas of heavy rainfall will be possible, potentially leading to isolated flash flooding.

TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK



Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Thu Jul 1 2021

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

The National Hurricane Center is issuing advisories on recently designated Tropical Depression Five, located a little less than a thousand miles east-southeast of the Windward Islands.





Air Quality




Air quality is in the upper range of green for most of the county, with the ridges and other higher elevations today being in the upper range of green.

Fire and Smoke Map
(There are no significant sources of smoke in the region as of 3am on 04-22-2021.)

Pollen

Pollen levels are expected to be in the low-medium range (3.4 out of 12) today with Grasses and Plantain being the main culprits. Tomorrow is expected to be in the low-medium range (2.6 out of 12).


Weather Extremes for Macon County on July 1st


Highest Temperature 99°F at the Coweeta Experimental Station in 2012
Lowest Temperature 42°F in Highlands in 1919
Greatest Rainfall 1.65 inches in Highlands in 1961
Greatest Snowfall (No snowfall recorded on this date since records started being kept in 1872)


July Weather Extremes for Macon County

Highest Temperature 101°F in Franklin on 07-29-1952
Lowest Temperature 34°F in Highlands on 07-27-1911
Greatest Rainfall 21.15 inches in Highlands on 07-29-1879
Greatest Snowfall no measurable snowfall has been recorded since records started being kept in 1872


Macon Calendar

The Macon County Art Association (a not for profit member organization) is offering classes in encaustic painting on Specified Fridays from 10AM-12PM at the Uptown Gallery 30 E Main St Franklin NC. Specific class dates are Friday July 9 and 23, August 3 and 27, September 3 and 17, October 29.

For more information contact the instructor, Karen Smith, at karen@programservices.org

On This Day

July 1st is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 183 days remain until the end of the year. It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year. It also falls on the same day of the week as New Year's Day in a leap year. The midpoint of the year for southern hemisphere DST countries occurs at 11:00 p.m.

Historical Events

(Please note that the Wikipedia articles often contain a bibliography and links to where you can learn more about a historical event)


AD 69 – Tiberius Julius Alexander orders his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as Emperor.
• [Wikipedia Bio: Tiberius Julius Alexander]
• [Wikipedia Bio: Vespasian]

552 – Battle of Taginae: Byzantine forces under Narses defeat the Ostrogoths in Italy, and the Ostrogoth king, Totila, is mortally wounded.
• [Wikipedia: Battle of Taginae]
• [Kings and Generals: Justinian's Restoration - Battles of Taginae (552) and Volturnus (554)]
• [Wikipedia Bio: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Totila]

1097 – Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders led by prince Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army led by sultan Kilij Arslan I.
• [Battle of Dorylaeum]
• [Crusaders vs. Seljuk Turks: the Battle of Dorylaeum, 1097]
• [The First Crusade]

1431 – The Battle of La Higueruela takes place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista.
• [Battle of La Higueruela]
• [Kingdom of Castile]

1520 – Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés fight their way out of Tenochtitlan after nightfall.

1523 – Jan van Essen and Hendrik Vos become the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels.
• [Wikipedia: Jan van Essen and Hendrik Vos]

1569 – Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union; the united country is called the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
• [Union of Lublin]
• [Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth]

1643 – First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.
• [Westminster Assembly]
• [Parliament of England]
• [A Short Introduction to the Westminster Assembly]

1690 – Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar).
• [Glorious Revolution]
• [Wikipedia: Battle of the Boyne]
• [Battlefield Britain - Boyne]
• [The Battle of the Boyne – Quick History Facts in Under 3 Minutes]
• [England's 'Glorious Revolution' Explained]

1766 – François-Jean de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded before his body is burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, France.
• [François-Jean de la Barre]
• [Wikipedia: Dictionnaire philosophique]
• [English Translation at The Internet Archive] (downloadable in multiple formats)

1770 – Lexell's Comet is seen closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 astronomical units (2,180,000 km; 1,360,000 mi).
• [Wikipedia: Lexell's Comet]

1782 – Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attack the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
• [Wikipedia: Raid on Lunenburg]
• [Wikipedia: Captain Noah Stoddard]
• [Sack of Lunenburg] (American War of Independence at Sea website)

1819 – Johann Georg Tralles discovers the Great Comet of 1819, (C/1819 N1). It was the first comet analyzed using polarimetry, by François Arago.
• [Wikipedia Bio: Johann Georg Tralles]
• [Great Comet of 1819]
• [A NEW ORBIT FOR COMET C/1819 N1 (GREAT COMET OF 1819)] (Research Paper PDF)

1837 – A system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales.

1846 - Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone.
• [Wikipedia Bio" Adolphe Sax]
• [Wikipedia: Saxophone]

1855 – Signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute cede their land to the United States.
• [Wikipedia: Quinault Treaty]

1858 – Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society of London.

1862 – The Russian State Library is founded as the Library of the Moscow Public Museum.
• [Wikipedia: Russian State Library]
• [Official Website]
• [The Russian State Library in Moscow] (video montage/tour)

1862 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, marries Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.

1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place. It is the last of the Seven Days Battles, part of George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
• [Wikipedia: Battle of Malvern Hill]
• [Malvern Hill: Richmond Animated Battle Map]
• ["The Peninsula Campaign" @ HAMPTON ROADS ; "American Civil War]

1863 – Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marking the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands.
• [Wikipedia: Keti Koti (Emancipation Day)]
• [Keti Koti Amsterdam] (2015 video)
• [The Dutch West India Company (WIC) – The History of Slave Trade during the Dutch Golden Age]

1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins.
• [Wikipedia: Battle of Gettysburg]
• [Gettysburg: Animated Battle Map] (American Battlefield Trust)
• [Battle Of Gettysburg] (dramatization/reenactment)
• [Civil War - "The Battle Of Gettysburg" - A Concise History] (Lionheart Filmworks)
• [The First Day at Gettysburg - Ranger John Nicholas] (Gettysburg NPS
• [The Civil War Battle Series: Gettysburg] (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum Lecture)

1867 – The British North America Act takes effect as the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia join into confederation to create the modern nation of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date is commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.
• [British North America Act]
• [Wikipedia: Canada Day]
• [CBC News Special: Canada Day 2019]

1870 – The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
• [Wikipedia: United States Department of Justice]
• [Official Website/a>]

1873 – Prince Edward Island joins into Canadian Confederation.

1874 – The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, goes on sale.
• [
Wikipedia: Sholes and Glidden typewriter]
• [Sholes and Glidden Typewriter video]

1878 – Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.

1879 – Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
• [Wikipedia Bio: Charles Taze Russell]
• [Wikipedia: The Watchtower]

1881 – The world's first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.

1881 – General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect.

1885 – The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.

1885 – The Congo Free State is established by King Leopold II of Belgium.
• [Wikipedia: Congo Free State]
• [Wikipedia: Leopold II of Belgium]
• [Leopold II of Belgium: The Biggest Coverup In European History]
• [Meet The Forgotten "Hitler" Who Killed 15 Million Africans...]
• [King Leopold II & the Congo Free State (1885-1908)]
• [King Leopold II & the Congo Free State Genocide | African Biographics]
• [King Leopold's ghost still haunts the Congo]

1890 – Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.

1898 – Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba.
• [Wikipedia: Battle of San Juan Hill]
• [Spanish–American War]
• [The Spanish-American War - Explained in 11 minutes]
• [Black Soldiers Were the Real Heroes at San Juan Hill. And They Got No Credit.]
• [July 1, 1889 ~ The Battle of San Juan Hill]

1901 – French government enacts its anti-clerical legislation Law of Association prohibiting the formation of new monastic orders without governmental approval.
• [Britannica: Law of Associations]

1903 – Start of first Tour de France bicycle race.
• [The First Race 1903 - Tour de France]

1908 – SOS is adopted as the international distress signal.

1911 – Germany despatches the gunship SMS Panther to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis.
• [Wikipedia: Agadir Crisis]
• [Wikipedia: SMS Panther]
• [HistoryPod Video]
• [1.2 Second Moroccan Crisis]

1915 – Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Deutsches Heer's Fliegertruppe army air service achieves the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker.
• [Wikipedia Bio: Kurt Wintgens]
• [Fokker Eindecker Video]

1916 – World War I: First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
• [Wikipedia: First day on the Somme]
• [Simple History: The First day of the Somme (1916)]
• [Battle of the Somme (WW1 Documentary) | History Documentary | Reel Truth History] (documentary/dramatization/reenactment)

1922 – The Great Railroad Strike of 1922 begins in the United States.
• [Wikipedia: Great Railroad Strike of 1922]
• [Unionism in Defeat: The 1922 Railroad Shopmen's Strike]

1923 – The Parliament of Canada suspends all Chinese immigration.

1931 – United Airlines begins service (as Boeing Air Transport).

1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty become the first people to circumnavigate the globe in a single-engined monoplane aircraft.

1932 – Australia's national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, was formed.

1935 – Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in the On-to-Ottawa Trek.
• [The Regina Riot - Video]
• [Wikipedia: Regina Riot]

1942 – World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
• [First Battle of El Alamein]
• [The Battle Of El Alamein: Montgomery vs Rommel | Greatest Tank Battles | War Stories]
• [Battlefield S5/E2 - The Battle of El Alamein]

1942 – The Australian Federal Government becomes the sole collector of income tax in Australia as State Income Tax is abolished.

1943 – The City of Tokyo and the Prefecture of Tokyo are both replaced by the Tokyo Metropolis.

1946 – Crossroads Able is the first postwar nuclear weapon test.
• [Wikipedia: Crossroads Able]
• [Newsreel and Archival Footage Collected by AtomCentral]
• [Project Crossroads - Nuclear Test Film (1946)]
• [Baker 1946 - Operation Crossroads - Atomic Bomb ] (Stabilized, Colorized and Upscaled)
• [FAS: United States Nuclear Tests -- By Date]

1947 – The Philippine Air Force is established.

1948 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-i-Azam) inaugurates Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan.

1949 – The merger of two princely states of India, Cochin and Travancore, into the state of Thiru-Kochi (later re-organized as Kerala) in the Indian Union ends more than 1,000 years of princely rule by the Cochin royal family.

1957 – The International Geophysical Year begins.
• [Wikipedia: International Geophysical Year]
• [Newsreel]
• [The Restless Sphere, BBC, June 30, 1957]

1958 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.

1958 – Flooding of Canada's Saint Lawrence Seaway begins.

1959 – Specific values for the international yard, avoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) are adopted after agreement between the US, the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries.

1960 – The Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) gains its independence from Italy. Concurrently, it unites as scheduled with the five-day-old State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.

1960 – Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II ceases to be its head of state.

1962 – Independence of Rwanda and Burundi.

1963 – ZIP codes are introduced for United States mail.
• [Introduction of Zip Codes - United States Postal Service Promo (1960s)]
• [What Is A Zip Code: Zip Codes Explained & What Each Number Means]
• [Wikipedia: ZIP Code]

1963 – The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.
• [Wikipedia Bio: Kim Philby]
• [The Spy Who Went Into the Cold | Kim Philby: Soviet Super Spy | Timeline]
• [Video of British Super Spy Kim Philby explaining how he succeeded at spying]
• [When Five Cambridge University Students Became Soviet Spies | Secrets Of War | Timeline]

1966 – The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto.

1967 – Merger Treaty: The European Community is formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
• [Wikipedia: Merger Treaty]
• [The Brussels Effect: How the European Union Rules the World] (Lecture at University of Delaware)

1968 – The United States Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established.
• [Wikipedia: Phoenix Program]

1968 – The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is signed in Washington, D.C., London and Moscow by sixty-two countries.

1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL–CIO in the United States.

1972 – The first Gay pride march in England takes place.

1976 – Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.

1978 – The Northern Territory in Australia is granted self-government.

1979 – Sony introduces the Walkman.

1980 – "O Canada" officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.

1983 – A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djallon mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.

1984 – The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.

1987 – The American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station.

1990 – German reunification: East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany.

1991 – Cold War: The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.

1997 – China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule. The handover ceremony is attended by British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chinese President Jiang Zemin, and U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.

1999 – The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Elizabeth II on the day that legislative powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh. In Wales, the powers of the Welsh Secretary are transferred to the National Assembly.

2002 – The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.

2002 – Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, a Tupolev Tu-154, and DHL Flight 611, a Boeing 757, collide in mid-air over Überlingen, southern Germany, killing all 71 on board both planes.

2003 – Over 500,000 people protest against efforts to pass anti-sedition legislation in Hong Kong.

2004 – Saturn orbit insertion of Cassini–Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.

2006 – The first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway is conducted in China.

2007 – Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces.

2008 – Riots erupt in Mongolia in response to allegations of fraud surrounding the 2008 legislative elections.

2013 – Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union.

2020 – The United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement replaces NAFTA.





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Published at 3:45am on Thursday, July 01, 2021



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