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Wednesday, September 21, 2022

News and Weather Briefing for Wednesday, September 21, 2022



Here is an index to assist you in moving from section to section within the article.

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Weather
Hazards and Tropical Weather
Almanac
Macon Calendar
Local and StateNews
The Passing of Queen Elizabeth II
Russo-UKrainian War Updates
National News Roundup
COVID-19 News and Updates
Science and Technology
Russo-Ukrainian War Videos (mostly long form)
On This Day
Support Macon Media


GENERAL OUTLOOK

Dry weather continues today as a dome of high pressure expands across the Southeast, allowing temps to warm well above normal. A cold front crosses the area from the north late Thursday and could have enough moisture to squeeze out a few showers across the forecast area. Canadian high pressure will bring cooler and drier weather to the region for the weekend before another cold front arrives early next week.



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Local Weather

General Forecast Through Friday Night





Franklin Area

Today

Patchy fog before 9am. Otherwise, sunny, with highs in the upper 80s. Calm winds.

Tonight

Mostly clear, with lows in the lower 60s. Calm winds.

Thursday

A 20 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms after 2pm. Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, sunny, with highs in the upper 80s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the northwest 5 to 10 mph in the afternoon. Winds could gust as high as 20 mph.

Thursday Night

Partly cloudy, with lows around 50. Winds out of the north 5 to 10 mph.

Friday

Sunny, with highs in the upper 70s. Winds out of the north 3 to 5 mph.

Friday Night

Mostly clear, with lows around 50.


Highlands Plateau

Today

Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, sunny, with highs near 80. Calm winds.

Tonight

Patchy fog after 5am. Otherwise, mostly clear, with lows around 60. Light and variable wind.

Thursday

A 20 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms after 2pm. Patchy fog before 8am. Otherwise, sunny, with highs near 80. Winds out of the northwest 5 to 15 mph, with gusts as high as 25 mph.

Thursday Night

Mostly clear, with lows in the mid 40s. Winds out of the north 10 to 15 mph, with gusts as high as 25 mph.

Friday

Sunny, with highs near 70. Winds out of the north 5 to 10 mph becoming calm in the afternoon.

Friday Night

Mostly clear, with lows in the mid 40s.


Otto and South Central Macon County

Today

Patchy fog before 9am. Otherwise, sunny, with highs in the upper 80s. Calm winds.

Tonight

Mostly clear, with lows in the low-to-mid 60s. Calm winds.

Thursday

A 20 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms after 3pm. Sunny, with highs in the mid-to-upper 80s. Calm winds in the morning increasing to come out of the northwest 5 to 10 mph by midorning. Winds could gust as high as 20 mph.

Thursday Night

Partly cloudy, with lows around 50. Winds out of the north 5 to 10 mph, with gusts as high as 20 mph.

Friday

Sunny, with highs in the kid 70s. Winds out of the north around 5 mph becoming calm in the morning.

Friday Night

Mostly clear, with lows around 50.


Nantahala Area

Today

Patchy fog before 9am. Otherwise, sunny, with highs in the mid 80s. Calm winds.

Tonight

Mostly clear, with lows in the low-to-mid 60s. Calm winds.

Thursday

A slight chance of showers, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms after 2pm. Mostly sunny, with highs near 80. Light and variable winds early in the morning increasing to come out of the northwest 5 to 10 mph by midmorning. Winds could gust as high as 20 mph. Chance of rain is 30%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Thursday Night

Partly cloudy, with lows around 50. Winds out of the north 5 to 10 mph.

Friday

Sunny, with highs near 70. WInds out of the northeast around 5 mph.

Friday Night

Mostly clear, with lows around 50.




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Hazards and Tropical Weather

Hazardous weather is not expected fortoday or tonight,





TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK




Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Wed Sep 21 2022

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

Active Systems:
The National Hurricane Center is issuing advisories on Hurricane Fiona, located northeast of the southeastern Bahamas, and on Tropical Storm Gaston, located over the north-central Atlantic Ocean.

1. Western Tropical Atlantic:
A tropical wave is producing shower and thunderstorm activity a few hundred miles east of the southern Windward Islands. The system continues to show signs of organization and it will likely become a tropical depression within the next two or three days. The disturbance is forecast to move west-northwestward across the southern Windward Islands by late today and then move toward the central Caribbean Sea later this week. Interests in the Windward Islands should closely monitor the progress of this system as heavy rainfall and gusty winds could affect these islands beginning later today.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...high...70 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...90 percent.

2. Eastern Tropical Atlantic:
A tropical wave is forecast to move off the west coast of Africa on Thursday. Environmental conditions are forecast to be conducive for at least gradual development of the system for a couple days thereafter while the system moves slowly northward, between west Africa and the Cabo Verde Islands, through the end of the week.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...10 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...medium...50 percent.

3. East Central Tropical Atlantic:
A tropical wave located several hundred miles west-southwest of the Cabo Verde Islands is producing disorganized shower activity. Slow development of this system is possible over the next several days as it moves northwestward and then westward over the tropical Atlantic.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...20 percent.

HURRICANE FIONA



Hurricane Fiona Discussion Number 27
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL AL072022
1100 PM EDT Tue Sep 20 2022

Data from a NOAA Hurricane Hunter aircraft that has been investigating Fiona this evening show that the hurricane has strengthened since this afternoon. The aircraft has measured peak 700-mb flight-level winds of 120 kt, and SFMR winds of around 110 kt earlier in the evening. Based on those data, the intensity was increased to 110 kt on the intermediate advisory at 0000 UTC. Since that time, the satellite presentation has continued to improve with the eye becoming better defined and the surrounding ring of deep convection expanding with colder cloud top temperatures. The pressure has fallen a few more millibars and is now down to 947 mb, however the plane has not found any higher winds during several passes through the northeastern and northern portion of the eyewall. It is worth noting that the latest subjective and objective satellite estimates suggest a stronger intensity, and this may be a case in which the winds are lagging the improved satellite presentation, which is not too uncommon.

The vertical wind shear over the hurricane is expected to remain low to moderate during the next couple of days. During that time, the hurricane will be traversing SSTs of 29-30 degrees Celsius, and remain in a moist environment. These conditions should allow for some additional strengthening during the next 12 to 24 hours, but after that time, difficult-to-predict eyewall replacement cycles are likely to cause some fluctuations in intensity. By day 3, the system is forecast to interact with a vigorous mid-troposphere trough and the system is expected to become a large and powerful extratropical cyclone near Atlantic Canada.

The latest satellite and aircraft fixes indicate that the hurricane is now moving just west of due north or 350/7 kt. Fiona should move generally northward around the western periphery of a mid-level ridge during the next 24 hours. After that time, the hurricane is forecast to turn north-northeastward and begin to gradually accelerate as the aforementioned trough approaches from the northwest. Very little cross-track changes were made to the latest NHC forecast, but it is slightly slower than the previous advisory to be in better agreement with the bulk of the dynamical models.

Key Messages:

1. Heavy rains south of Fiona will continue to impact the Turks and Caicos through tonight with additional flooding possible.

2. Tropical storm conditions are possible on Bermuda by late Thursday.

3. Fiona is expected to affect portions of Atlantic Canada as a powerful hurricane-force cyclone late Friday and Saturday, and could produce significant impacts from high winds, storm surge, and heavy rainfall. Interests in these areas should closely monitor the progress of Fiona and updates to the forecast.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT 21/0300Z 23.2N 71.8W 110 KT 125 MPH
12H 21/1200Z 24.3N 71.9W 120 KT 140 MPH
24H 22/0000Z 26.0N 71.5W 120 KT 140 MPH
36H 22/1200Z 28.1N 70.8W 120 KT 140 MPH
48H 23/0000Z 30.8N 69.0W 120 KT 140 MPH
60H 23/1200Z 34.3N 65.6W 115 KT 130 MPH
72H 24/0000Z 39.5N 61.8W 105 KT 120 MPH
96H 25/0000Z 48.3N 59.7W 65 KT 75 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H 26/0000Z 55.4N 58.7W 45 KT 50 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP

What's Up in the Tropics with Mark Sudduth - September 20, 2022: Tracking Fiona, 97L and Potential Caribbean Hurricane



TROPICAL TIDBITS

Tropical Tidbits is a website run by Macon Media's favorite no-nonsense tropical forecaster, Levi Cowan. He does not post material just to get clicks or to sensationalize the storms he covers to "make them more exciting." He is reliable and sober, unlike The Weather Channel crowd of Drama Queen Meteorologists.

Levi typically posts videos late in the afternoon or early before midnight on Youtube. [Youtube Channel]

[Monday / Sept 19] Hurricane Fiona moving toward the Turks and Caicos Islands





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Almanac

24 Hour Smoke Forecast

A smoke fieldmap was not provided for today. -->















Air quality is in the lower range of green for most of the county, with the ridges and other higher elevations today being in the lower range of green.

Fire and Smoke Map




Local Air Monitor



Pollen

Pollen levels are expected to be in the medium-high range 7.9 out of 12) today with Ragweed, grasses, and Chenopods Grasses being the main culprits. Tomorrow is expected to be in the medium-high range (8.4 out of 12).



Record Weather Events for September 21st

Record weather events for this date in Macon County
(1872-2016)

Highest Temperature 91°F in Franklin in 1978
Lowest Temperature 31°F in Highlands in 1918
Greatest Rainfall 2.78 inches in Highlands in 1923

Highest Temperature 98°F in Franklin on 09-04-1975
Lowest Temperature 27°F in Franklin on 09-30-1967
Greatest Rainfall 11.87 inches in Highlands on 09-27-1964
Greatest Snowfall no measurable snowfall has been recorded since records started being kept in 1873

Weather Extremes for North Carolina for the month of September Data available from 1870 to 2018

Highest Temperature 108°F Belhaven, Beaufort County 09-25-1921
Lowest Temperature 23°F Marion, McDowell County 09-28-2000
Greatest One-Day Rainfall 21.00 in Wilmington, New Hanover County 09-17-2018

Monthly Averages

Warmest Weather Station 75.4°F Morehead City, Carteret County
Coldest Weather Station 55.0°F Mount Mitchell, Yancey County
Wettest Weather Station 8.93 in Southport, Brunswick County
Driest Weather Station 2.94 in Marshall, Madison County




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Macon Calendar
(send your event to calendar@maconmedia.com)


No events submitted



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Local and State News


• 'It turned into politics:' Critics warn that chief justice, Republican lawmakers threaten state office's reputation for impartiality [WRAL-TV (Raleigh, NC)]

• North Carolina puts in bid for 2027 World University Games [WTVD-TV (Raleigh, NC)]

• Following public pressure, Budd implies he will accept the 2022 election results [Raleigh News and Observer]

• Trusted Elections Tour stops in Asheville: Officials discuss security of the vote [WLOS-TV (Asheville, NC)]

• Ahead of 2022 midterm elections, political polling remains imperfect in North Carolina [BPR]

• Macon County Board of Commissioners - September 2022 Regular Meeting [Macon Media]

• Franklin Town Council - September 2022 Regular Meeting [Macon Media]

• Franklin Town Council - Special Called Meeting for August 30, 2022 [Macon Media]


State Budget Details

• NC Budget Table of Contents [Google Drive (PDF)]

• NC House Bill 103: 2022 Appropriations Act [Google Drive (PDF)]

• Joint Conference Committee Report on the Current Operations Appropriations Act of 2022 [Google Drive (PDF)]

• House Bill 103 Information and Voting History [NC General Assembly Website]

• Raises for state employees, preparations for recession, in proposed state budget [WRAL-TV (Raleigh, NC)]



Contuning live coverage of the events in the United Kingdom over the next few days can be watched on the Sky News Youtube Channel. [LINK]

The State Funeral Procession of Her Majesty The Queen | The Royal Family Channel



Queen laid to rest at St George's Chapel in Windsor | ITV News



The State Funeral of HM Queen Elizabeth II | BBC News



The Queen's committal service | Sky News



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Special Section: Russo-Ukrainian War Updates
(sharing of a particular source is not an endorsement)
(Longer videos are in the Russo-Ukraine Videos section)



• Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, September 20 [Institute for the Study of War] [PDF for September 20th]

• The Making of Modern Ukraine: A Free Online Course from Yale Professor Timothy Snyder [Open Culture]

• Russia-Ukraine war: List of key events, day 209 [Al Jazeera]

• Russia's Putin announces partial military mobilisation in TV address [France 24]




JOMINI OF THE WEST MAP (UTVD Operational Update: ZSU Counter Offensive in Kharkiv, 10-12 Sep 22.)







• At UN General Assembly, leaders condemn Russia’s war in Ukraine [Al Jazeera]

• Russia and climate change dominate UN General Assembly [DW News]

• The Ragtag Army That Won the Battle of Kyiv and Saved Ukraine [Wall Street Journal]

• Russian invasion of Ukraine a return to 'age of imperialism', Macron tells UN [France 24]

• Russia Signals Annexation of Parts of Ukraine, Raising Stakes in Fighting [New York Times]


News from Russian or pro-Russian outlets or Video About the Russian Perspective

• Russian lawmaker reveals mobilization plans [Russia Today]

• Putin: We will use nuclear weapons, if threatened [Pravda ]

• Zelensky’s counter-offensive destroyed the country entrusted to him — Russian diplomat [TASS Russian News Agency]

Sep 7, 2022 | Eastern Economic Forum plenary session | kremlin



The Ukraine War From Russia's Perspective




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National and World News Roundup

• Fed expected to hike rates by three-quarters of a point again, but its forecast may matter most [CNBC]

• Rising Interest Rates Squeeze Stocks on Both Sides, Constraining Earnings, Multiples [Wall Street Journal]

• Migrants flown to Martha’s Vineyard sue DeSantis in class action alleging fraud [NBC News]

• Putin announces partial military mobilisation in Russia [BBC News]

• FEMA tells a skeptical Puerto Rico that this time won’t be like Hurricane Maria [Washington Post]

• Number of global ultra high net worth individuals hits record high [The Guardian]

• US detentions at Mexico border pass two million a year for first time [BBC News]

• New footage confirms fake Trump elector spent hours inside Georgia elections office day it was breached [CNN]


Hurricane Fiona continues destructive path through Caribbean | ABC News



Global National: Sept. 20, 2022 | Hurricane Fiona creates another crisis for Puerto Rico



Nightly News Full Broadcast (September 20th)


PBS NewsHour full episode, September 20, 2022



• Yes, the Great Books Make Us Better People [New York Times]



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COVID-19 News and Updates

Here is a section on COVID-19. It includes local, regional, state, national, and global items.



COVID-19 Numbers for Macon County:






• WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard [World Health Organization]

Globally, as of 5:13pm CEST, 20 September 2022, there have been 609,848,852 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 6,507,002 deaths, reported to WHO. As of 13 September 2022, a total of 12,613,484,608 vaccine doses have been administered.

In United States of America, from 3 January 2020 to 5:13pm CEST, 20 September 2022, there have been 94,413,388 confirmed cases of COVID-19 with 1,042,582 deaths, reported to WHO. As of 2 September 2022, a total of 601,804,302 vaccine doses have been administered.

• No significant increase in Guillain-Barré syndrome after COVID-19 vaccination in adults: A vaccine adverse event reporting system study [Science Direct]

• ‘Very Harmful’ Lack of Data Blunts U.S. Response to Outbreaks [New York Times]

• Former B.C. nurse suspended over ‘pseudo-science,’ anti-vaccine information given to vulnerable client [Global News]

• Chinese Scientists Develop Mask That Detects Covid, Flu Exposure [Bloomberg]

• Development and validation of a COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy scale for adults in the United States [Science Direct]




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Science and Technology News Roundup

• Officials: Amazon Alexa Alerted Family of House Fire [Source of Spring (Silver Spring, MD)]

• Hilton to design astronaut suites, facilities for Voyager’s private space station Starlab [CNBC]

• Google Deepmind Researcher Co-Authors Paper Saying AI Will Eliminate Humanity [Vice News]

• 46 US states call for Meta monopoly lawsuit to be reinstated [IT Pro]

• $35M fine for Morgan Stanley after unencrypted, unwiped hard drives are auctioned [ARS TECHNICA]

• YouTube’s ‘dislike’ and ‘not interested’ buttons barely work, study finds [The Verge]

• 40 civil rights organizations demand MGM cancel harmful reality tv show [Fight for the Future]

• New Technology Could Generate Electricity From Ocean Waves or Even Clothing, Cars, and Buildings [NREL]


Podcasts and Long Form Videos (History, Culture, Science, Space, Technology and Current Events)
Anything covering educational, entertainment, history, current events, and technology topics

The Level1 Show September 21 2022: Nothing Spies Like a Deere



Not All Brains Are Alike - DTNS 4358 | Daily Tech News Show



Samsung's Foldable Fjord - Z Fold and Z Flip review, Google EU antitrust, Pixel 7 Pro benchmarks | All About ANdroid



Incredible Discoveries and New Methods In Search for Exoplanets | Antov Petrov



Long March-2D launches the Yunhai-1 03 satellite | SciNews






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Russo-Ukrainian War Videos (mostly long form)

--> War in Ukraine overshadows UN session | DW News



Russia’s Putin signs decree on partial mobilisation for citizens | Al Jazeera



Russia claims it destroyed a Ukrainian naval ship, but it's actually just an old bridge | FRANCE 24



Retaking Kharkiv: Is this a turning point in the war? | BBC Newsnight



Kremlin announces referendum votes as military operations fail in Ukraine | ABC NEws







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On This Day

September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 101 days remain until the end of the year.

Historical Events



Historical Events

(Please note that the Wikipedia articles often contain a bibliography and links to where you can learn more about a historical event)



455 – Emperor Avitus enters Rome with a Gallic army and consolidates his power.

1170 – The Kingdom of Dublin falls to Norman invaders.

1217 – Livonian Crusade: The Estonian leader Lembitu and Livonian leader Kaupo the Accursed are killed in the Battle of St. Matthew's Day.

1435 – The Congress of Arras causes Burgundy to switch sides in the Hundred Years' War.

1745 – A Hanoverian army is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart

1776 – Part of New York City is burned shortly after being occupied by British forces.

1780 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.

1792 – French Revolution: The National Convention abolishes the monarchy.

1809 – British Secretary of War Lord Castlereagh and Foreign Secretary George Canning meet in a duel on Putney Heath, with Castlereagh wounding Canning in the thigh.

1843 – The crew of schooner Ancud, including John Williams Wilson, takes possession of the Strait of Magellan on behalf of the Chilean government.

1860 – Second Opium War: An Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Palikao.

1896 – Anglo-Egyptian conquest of Sudan: British forces under the command of Horatio Kitchener take Dongola.

1898 – Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.

1921 – A storage silo in Oppau, Germany, explodes, killing 500–600 people.

1933 – Salvador Lutteroth establishes Mexican professional wrestling.

1934 – A large typhoon hits western Honshū, Japan, killing more than 3,000 people.

1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500–700 people.

1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Călinescu is assassinated by the Iron Guard.

1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: On the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis send over 1,000 Jews of Pidhaitsi to Bełżec extermination camp.

1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.

1942 – The Holocaust in Poland: At the end of Yom Kippur, Germans order Jews to permanently move from Konstantynów to Biała Podlaska.

1942 – The Boeing B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.

1953 – Lieutenant No Kum-sok, a North Korean pilot, defects to South Korea with his jet fighter.

1957 – Pamir, a four-masted barque, was shipwrecked and sank off the Azores during Hurricane Carrie.

1964 – Malta gains independence from the United Kingdom, but remains in the Commonwealth.

1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's fastest bomber, makes its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.

1965 – The Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.

1971 – Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.

1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos begins authoritarian rule by declaring martial law.

1976 – Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C because had been a member of the former Chilean Marxist government.

1976 – Seychelles joins the United Nations.

1981 – Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.

1981 – Sandra Day O'Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.

1984 – Brunei joins the United Nations.

1991 – Armenia gains independence from the Soviet Union.

1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin triggers a constitutional crisis when he suspends parliament and scraps the constitution.

1996 – The Defense of Marriage Act is passed by the United States Congress.

1997 – St. Olaf's Church, a stone church from the 16th century in Tyrvää, Finland, was burnt down by a burglar.

1999 – The Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.

2001 – America: A Tribute to Heroes is broadcast by over 35 network and cable channels, raising over $200 million for the victims of the September 11 attacks.

2001 – Ross Parker is murdered in Peterborough, England, by a gang of ten British Pakistani youths.

2003 – The Galileo spacecraft is terminated by sending it into Jupiter's atmosphere.

2012 – Three Egyptian militants open fire on a group of Israeli soldiers in a southern Israel cross-border attack.

2013 – Al-Shabaab Islamic militants attack the Westgate shopping mall in Kenya, killing at least 67 people.

2018 – Killing of Zak Kostopoulos, LGBT rights activist beaten to death on a busy street in Athens

2019 – A 5.6 Mw earthquake shakes the Albanian port of Durrës. Forty-nine people are injured in the capital, Tirana.


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Published at 5:00am on Wednesday, September 21, 2022
Author: Bobby Coggins


Resources used to compile the information in this article include, but are not limited to the following websites or books: MaconMedia.com, youtube.com, weather.gov, airnow.gov, wikipedia.com, onthisday.com, ncdcr.gov, ncsu.edu, utah.edu, https://www.microbe.tv/twiv/, wolfram.com, biorxiv.org, aps.org, nejm.org, plos.org, cell.com, researchsquare.com, cureus.com, spc.noaa.gov, nhc.noaa.gov, ncdenr.org, medrxiv.org, archive.org, ncpedia.org, nasa.gov, https://ww2days.com, nih.gov, carolinapublicpress.org, microbe.tv, smokymountainnews.com, psypost.org, blogspot.com, pollen.com, franklinnc.com, maconnc.org, spaceweather.com, solarham.com, loc.gov, ncleg.net, senate.gov, house.gov, whitehouse.gov, drudgereport.com, politico.com, realclearpolitics.com, ushmm.org, This Day in North Carolina History, World War II Day By Day, The Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Timetables of History, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The World History and Book of Facts (multiple years), On This Day In History: Over 4,000 facts, The NASA Archives. 60 Years in Space, This Day in North Carolina History, The Smithsonian History of Space Exploration: From the Ancient World to the Extraterrestrial Future, Spaceflight, 2nd Edition: The Complete Story from Sputnik to Curiousity, The Story of Civilization (11 volumes), The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, American History, Volume 1: 1492-1877, American History, Volume 2: 1877 - Present, A Complete Chronolgy of the Second World War. Weather and Almanac data and information sources: Sources (except where otherwise credited): heavens-above.com, Ian Webster's Github, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, The National Weather Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center, Penn State University Electronic Wall Map, The State Climate Office of North Carolina, Storm Prediction Center, U.S. Naval Observatory, University of Utah Department of Atmospheric Sciences, and the Weather Prediction Center. Back to Top

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